Comte de Lautréamont

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Lautréamont, Comte de

 

(pseudonym of Isidore Ducasse). Born Apr. 4, 1846, in Montevideo; died Nov. 24, 1870, in Paris. French poet.

Lautréamont left a paradoxical poetic legacy. He initially expounded a violent rejection of the moral and social principles of modern society in the poem Les Chants de Maldoror (1868-69; published in full, 1890); with the same force and conviction he denounced what he considered the unwholesome excesses of European romanticism in the collection Poems: Preface to a Future Book (1870). The first book contained finished prose poems united by a single hero and the intricate plotting of horror fiction; the second was a series of lively aphorisms, in which Lautreamont sang of goodness and of boundless faith in man’s strength and his future.

Lautréamont’s works, rediscovered in the 20th century by the surrealists, foreshadowed the tragic floundering of Western European poetry in its course from symbolism to futurism. Both the modernist and the realistic traditions of modern French poetry (P. Eluard, L. Aragon) proceed from Lautréamont’s work.

REFERENCES

Gourmont, R. de. Kniga masok. St. Petersburg, 1913. (Translated from French.)
Balashov, N. “Neotrazimosf Eluara.” In Poeziia sotsializma. Moscow, 1969. Pages 77-80, 101, 102.
Lautréamont: Une etude par Ph. Soupault. Extrait, documents, bibliographie. [Paris, 1946.]
Bachelard, G. Lautreamont, new ed. Paris, 1956.
Pleynet, M. Lautreamont par lui-meme. Paris, 1967.
Lautréamont. Published under the direction of M. Chaleil. [Toulouse, 1971.]
Philip, M. Lectures de Lautréamont. Paris [1971].

N. N. POLIANSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
LES Chants de Maldoror sortent de l'ombre en 1874, quatre ans apres la mort encore inexpliquee de l'auteur, Isidore Ducasse dit le comte de Lautreamont.
Auteur des Chants de Maldoror par le comte de Lautreamont.
These works give us a three-fold pleasure: that of looking at a sensitive and sensual medium (painting and color); that of being present at the narration of the various adventures of our hero which are drawn like the illustrations in the books of his childhood (popular novels from the '30s or classics like Treasure Island, 1883), and third, that of the reference to literature through photographs of books that evoke our own readings: Arthur Rimbaud, Comte de Lautreamont, Jorge Luis Borges, James Joyce, Henry James, Raymond Roussel, etc.
He is known for his biographies of Alphonse Allais, Raymond Roussel, and Comte de Lautreamont as well as his essays on Alfred Jarry, Arthur Rimbaud, and Raymond Queneau.
We could begin the story this time around 1867, when the young Isidore Ducasse - not yet Comte de Lautreamont - decides to move into a furnished room on the Right Bank of Paris, and when, in 1868, he gives "Le Premier Chant" of Les Chants de Maldoror to the publisher Balitout.