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in criminal law, the deliberate concealment of a criminal, as well as of instruments and means of committing a crime, traces of a crime, or articles criminally acquired. Concealment consists of providing a criminal with a place to live where he can hide from searches, providing a criminal with counterfeit documents, or destroying traces of a crime. In Soviet criminal law, concealment promised in advance is considered complicity as an accessory; concealment not promised in advance is not considered complicity. Criminal responsibility for concealment as a separate crime ensues only for concealment of the commission of especially dangerous crimes against the state, for example, treason, espionage, terrorist acts, sabotage, wrecking, and banditry (Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 88–2), and in certain other cases envisioned by law, for example, murder and rape under aggravating circumstances (Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 189). Responsibility for concealment not promised in advance depends on the gravity of the crime with which it is associated. For crimes against the state, it is punished by deprivation of freedom for a term of one to five years with or without additional exile for a term of two to five years or by exile for a term not exceeding five years. For other crimes, concealment is punished by deprivation of freedom for a term not exceeding five years or not exceeding two years or by correctional tasks for a term not exceeding one year.