Concert of Europe


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Concert of Europe,

term used in the 19th cent. to designate a loose agreement by the major European powers to act together on European questions of common interest. The concert emerged after the Congress of Vienna (1814–15) and included the Quadruple AllianceQuadruple Alliance,
any of several European alliances. The Quadruple Alliance of 1718 was formed by Great Britain, France, the Holy Roman emperor, and the Netherlands when Philip V of Spain, guided by Cardinal Alberoni, sought by force to nullify the peace settlements reached
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 powers of Great Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia, and, as of 1818, France as well. It aimed to preserve peace by concerted diplomatic action reinforced by periodic conferences dealing with problems of mutual concern.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the Concert of Europe, according to Elrod, "unanimity rather than majority rule prevailed.
Members of the Concert of Europe "focused on regulating relations among each other" and had limited ambitions to preserve peace more comprehensively.
Closer examination, however, reveals such advocacy to be based on a suspect historical interpretation of the Concert of Europe and a less than certain grasp of the realities of Asia-Pacific security dynamics, which render highly questionable the applicability of the concert to contemporary Asia.
Ardor for a concert system in Asia was reflected in the views of Susan Shirk, Clinton's deputy assistant secretary of state for East Asia, who argued that while "achieving a full-fledged Asia-Pacific Concert of powers will be difficult," nevertheless, "an effort to forge a Concert should be undertaken even if it is unable to reach the ambitious standard of the nineteenth century Concert of Europe and achieves only ad hoc multilateralism or regular consultations among the powers.
In the Concert of Europe, for example, the major powers were supposed to be flexible in order to counter a potential hegemon.
They make the history of this period come alive, providing background to what a century later seems the incalculable folly which began in August of 1914: a war which destroyed the Concert of Europe created a century before and which led to the destruction of four empires and the grave weakening of a fifth.
As both authors make clear, each one of the major powers felt that time was not on their side, that another power could achieve supremacy and hence come to dominate the European continent, something which the Concert of Europe had tried to prevent over the previous century.
Can something like the Concert of Europe be globalized?
That's the way it has always been for big powers since the Congress of Vienna in 1815, when the so-called Great Powers, as they were known then, met in the Austrian capital to create the Concert of Europe, whose goal was to keep the peace on the continent and settle the many issues arising from the Napoleonic Wars.
8) The most systematic attempts to give international society the capacity to act came, however, in the Congress System that followed the Napoleonic Wars and in its successor, the Concert of Europe.
A good deal of research that goes beyond national boundaries remains to be done here, but Neely's work is a useful complement to the many studies of the Holy Alliance and Concert of Europe.
The modern international order has much in common with the era known as the Concert of Europe (1815-1914), "given that today's 'complex interdependence' ties the financial, trade, and manufacturing wealth and individual quality of life within the sovereign states to the daily functioning of the 'global common' as a whole.