Conciliar Movement

Conciliar Movement


a movement for the reform of the Catholic Church that developed during the late 14th and early 15th centuries among higher circles in the church and among Western European secular feudal lords.

The conciliar movement, which asserted the supremacy of ecumenical councils over the Roman papacy, developed as a result of the formation and consolidation of centralized national states in Europe, as well as the desire of the national churches to be more independent and less subordinate to the pope. In addition, the ruling class became interested in church reform owing to the decline of papal authority and the growth of popular heretical movements, especially the Hussite movement in Bohemia in the early 15th century. The immediate cause of the conciliar movement was the Great Western Schism (1378–1417). The supporters of the conciliar movement insisted that ecumenical councils be held regularly, independently of the pope, and that they function as the highest church body. The French clergy was particularly active in the conciliar movement (seeGALLICANISM).

Convened in 1409 on the initiative of several cardinals and without the consent of the pope, the Council of Pisa was intended to limit the pope’s authority. The Catholic Church does not regard this council as legal. The principle of conciliar supremacy was proclaimed by the Council of Constance (1414–18) and by the Council of Basel (1431–49), during its first phase (through 1437). Pope Eugene IV pushed through a condemnation of the conciliar movement at the Council of Florence (1438–45), which was convened in opposition to the Council of Basel. In 1460, Pius II issued a papal bull forbidding any appeal to the authority of an ecumenical council.


References in periodicals archive ?
Wanda Rolon is the founder and president of the Conciliar Movement of Restoration La Senda Antigua, Inc.
This would be a welcome shift of orientation for our global South sisters and brothers who have long called for the western and northern hemispheric centred conciliar movement to take seriously the church's witness in contexts where faith is a matter of life and death on a daily basis.
In this light, his goal is to render the conciliar movement fruitful for overcoming the apparently inflexible barriers to church unity that remain even after the "ecumenical century" just past.
More to the point, it suggested the eventual solution with the emergence of a conciliar movement that triumphed at Constance.
Yet, even after the carnage of another world war, pacifist and just-war churches in the conciliar movement were unable to agree on a peace ethic.
In the first chapter, "The Conciliar Movement," drawing upon the studies that have since appeared, by Fischer and Lumpe, and Sieben in German, and by Gaudement and Munier in French, Hess surveys the development of conciliar meetings and the procedures they employed, highlighting the changing self-understanding and role that these councils had.
These Sunday School associations became the forerunners of the conciliar movement in the United States.
27] Since Vatican II (1962), constitutional and church historians have been most interested in exploring the conciliar movement that aimed not simply to resolve the crisis of the schism, but also to curb the monarchic powers that popes had acquired over the preceding two centuries, and even to reform the church "in head and members.
The book's middle section patiently leads the reader through major pre-Nicene authors, carefully noting each significant development at its point of origin, lays out the conciliar movement from Nicaea to Constantinople I, and concludes with a sweep of theologians from Athanasius to Aquinas.
The Newbigin volume brings together essays from a pillar of the modern ecumenical movement, while the Dyrness book brings together Third World and Eastern European chapters by Evangelicals not associated with the conciliar movement.
The churches which make up CLAI live in a predominantly Catholic environment, with the majority of Protestants being Pentecostal or other groups not affiliated with the conciliar movement.
Perhaps the theme of apostolic protest is a healthy antidote to a half-century of canonistic research touched off by Tierney and Vatican II, and if Ryan's work is seen more as a complement than a contradiction, a bringing closer together of two seminal theorists, Tierney and Ladner, we may take this succinct and tightly argued presentation as a pointer to new directions of synthesis for a future that is not likely to have heard the last of Gerson or the conciliar movement.