The roof of the new station was developed with Frei Otto and Buro Happold as a vaulted concrete shell
pierced by what the designers call 'light eyes', circular apertures for illumination and ventilation.
A 400mm thick faceted concrete shell
supports and ties the building together as well as acting as an internal stiffening diaphragm.
Megapolis scale centres and experimental structural systems, from Frei Otto cables and nets, to Ulrich Muther and Gerhard Lehmann's concrete shell
hyperbolic paraboloids, show an equal enthusiasm for the Modernist zeitgeist regardless of political ideology.
The concrete shell
is covered in aluminium and sheathed in thousands of panes of glass (1200x300m), some transparent, some translucent.
On first impressions, the faceted concrete shell
could be seen by some to come dangerously close to a strain of determined formalism from which the practice would instinctively recoil, as they characteristically retreat from any mode of architectural classification.
The dialogue of old and new begins in a skylit concourse that separates the new facade from the four-storey white concrete shell
of the factory.
Inspired by the image of softly floating clouds, Ito sought to dematerialise the building and create a structure that speaks of peace and serenity, a freely curved reinforced concrete shell
that hovers over the living and the deceased.
DeMattia quality is demonstrated throughout this nicely landscaped facility with six loading docks, 163 parking spaces and precast concrete shell
with decorative masonry accents.
The book is based on a south concrete shell
of variable thickness and north on a plate made of reconstituted profiles welded fixed to the elevator North kiosk connected to a concrete stair type metal beam side, the assembly forming a gantry.
The redevelopment will take the interior of the North Beach Pavilion to a concrete shell
shuttering system made of junk timber that is burned away to leave a faceted concrete shell
, but materials and labour shortages and rampant construction industry inflation in pre-World Cup South Africa have made concrete unaffordable for such low-budget projects--a situation that has also hampered several of the other designs.
La construction of the structure consists of a reinforced concrete structure and a concrete shell