Condensed State

Condensed State

 

The condensed state of a substance is its solid and liquid states. In contrast to the gaseous state, there is a certain degree of ordering in the arrangement of the particles (ions, atoms, molecules) of the substance in the condensed state. Crystalline solids exhibit a high degree of ordering—long-range order in particle arrangement. The particles of liquids and amorphous solids are arranged in a more random manner and are characterized by short-range order. The properties of substances in the condensed state are determined by their structure as well as by particle interaction.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hastings recognized that the solar surface was too hot to permit the existence of carbon in the condensed state [85].
The conjecture that solar thermal emission is produced by hydrogen in the condensed state on the surface of the Sun is simpler than any scheme brought forth by the gaseous models.
Their concern here is the theoretical and experimental verification of the statements concerning specific properties of oligomers as a condensed state of substance.
During that time, Edwin Hubble showed how the direct relation between a galaxy's distance and velocity implies that the universe started in a small, condensed state Not everyone bought into this approach, and a compromise theory took hold: The steady state model said that the universe is expanding but also eternal.
Based on the high melting temperature (4) and significant anisotropic light scattering (5) of nascent UHPE, a model of fully extended-chain crystals has been proposed (6-8) for the macromolecular condensed state of the nascent UHPE.
Still, he understood that continuous thermal emission was a property of the condensed state [1].
As a result, once condensed metallic hydrogen has been produced in the solar interior, it is expected that it could retain its condensed state under the lower pressures in the corona.
In contrast, this work now advances that chromospheric structures represent solar material in the condensed state [17-21].
A material capable of producing the thermal spectrum of the Sun had to exist in the condensed state at tremendous temperatures.
The physical evidence can be more simply reconciled with a solar body and a photosphere in the condensed state.
If this difference between the time-resolved positron annihilation spectra in the condensed states of [H.