Condottieri


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Condottieri

 

leaders of mercenary military detachments (or companies) in Italy from the 14th through 16th centuries in the service of individual rulers and popes.

The condottieri became very important in the continuous warfare between the Italian states. In the 14th century most of the recruits were foreign knights, but at the end of the 14th century Italian condottieri began displacing the foreigners. Some condottieri seized power in cities and established tyrannies, like Francesco Sforza in Milan. The condottieri, who plundered and devastated Italy, contributed to the weakening of the country. In the late 15th century, when infantry and artillery became more important than cavalry (the main force of the condottieri), the institution of the condottieri gradually began to disappear.

References in periodicals archive ?
It was a rebellion of instinct itself, with the most intrepid representatives of his consciousness--intellect and will--standing guard as meneurs, condottieri, patrones.
They were condottieri, military impresarios who put their stamp on two centuries of Italian history, combining entrepreneurial skills and military skill in forcing through new ideas at the heat of the Renaissance.
Films such as Scipione l'africano and Condottieri (both 1937) marked out an historical teleology whereby Italian fascism was described as the inevitable inheritor of the cultural and political lineage of ancient Rome and the Renaissance.
Private actors have frequently been prevalent in the international system, from the condottieri to the Dutch and British East India companies.
A sera ci si contava per le gare qualche resoconto qualche spavaldo contrasto (anche cosi avveniva la crescita) piccoli guerrieri per schiere e condottieri e tutto ricominciava da capo.
Piombino was maintained, not through the typical efforts of condottieri or feudal military activities, but rather through the Appiani's careful exploitation of the territory's natural resources, of the advantageous geographical position of Piombino's harbor for trade and on occasion as a safe haven for pirates.
Charles V (1500-1558), Philip II (his son and heir), Francis I, Pope Paul III, doges, noblemen, cardinals and condottieri asserted and imposed themselves.
Smith, The New Condottieri and US Policy: The Privatization of Conflict and Its Implications, PARAMETERS, Winter 2002-3, at 104, 113, available at http://www.
The bridegroom chafes as his peers leave him behind at court while they become condottieri winning spurs in Italy (2.
Through her sensitive and intimate portrayals of Federico da Montefeltro and his court, the popes, scholars and condottieri that formed the social fabric of the time, an accessible and intimate portrait of the life of the city during the fifteenth century is established.
Leonardo's Mona Lisa retains her smile and beauty and dignity, while the condottieri, like dried flowers, are folded away in history books.
As more than a few princes of Renaissance Italy could testify, once you bring in the condottieri you have a problem.