coneflower

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coneflower,

name for several American wildflowers of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
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 family). The purple coneflowers (genus Echinacea), found E of the Rockies, have purple to pinkish petallike rays; some cultivated forms have white flowers. The herb echinaceaechinacea
, popular herbal remedy, or botanical, believed to benefit the immune system. It is used especially to alleviate common colds and the flu. Several controlled studies using it as a cold medicine have failed to find any benefit from its use, but a 2007 review of 14
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, derived from the purple coneflower, is taken for colds and other ailments; the plant was used medicinally by Native Americans. Other coneflowers include the yellow coneflowers, or rudbeckias (see black-eyed Susanblack-eyed Susan
or yellow daisy,
North American daisylike wildflower (Rudbeckia hirta) of the family Asteraceae (aster family) with yellow rays and a dark brown center. It is a weedy biennial or annual and grows in dry places.
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), and the praire coneflowers (genus Ratibida), which have yellow or purplish rays. Many species are grown as garden plants. Coneflowers are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
References in periodicals archive ?
THE purple cone flower or echinacea has large, daisy-like flower heads with a central orange-brown cone.
THE connoisseur perennial collection will liven up your garden with right blooms from summer into autumn with a choice of Cone Flower (Echinacea, pictured left), Blanket Flower (Gaillardia), Monarda Bergamot and Sidalcea Party Girl.
2IT may not fit the trend for super-bright colours, but Rudbeckia Green Wizard is a hardy perennial cone flower with a very singular charm.
Brilliant, too, is Rudbeckia Toto, a dwarf, bushy cone flower with bright yellow petals and dark brown centres.
Attracting them there is a selection of fennel, cone flowers, salvias, asters and sedums.
Echinacea x purpurea Quite a tall plant with startlingly beautiful vivid pink cone flowers.
If you prefer pastel shades, plant sun-loving cone flowers in shades of pink and white for a cooler, more subtle scene.