Disarmament Conference

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Disarmament Conference,

1932–37, meeting for the discussion of general disarmament. The first systematic efforts to limit armaments on an international scale, in either a quantitative or a qualitative sense, occurred at the Hague ConferencesHague Conferences,
term for the International Peace Conference of 1899 (First Hague Conference) and the Second International Peace Conference of 1907 (Second Hague Conference). Both were called by Russia and met at The Hague, the Netherlands.
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 of 1899 and 1907. Although those efforts were unsuccessful, the Allied Powers (with the exception of the United States) after World War I committed themselves to disarmament in the Treaty of Versailles and in the Covenant of the League of Nations. The United States participated in the limitation of naval armaments by the Washington Conference (1921–22) and the London Naval Conference (1930; see naval conferencesnaval conferences,
series of international assemblies, meeting to consider limitation of naval armaments, settlement of the rules of naval war, and allied issues. The London Naval Conference
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). In 1925 the League of Nations set up a preparatory commission to determine what arms should be limited and how this could be accomplished. By 1931 several points of agreement had been reached and a draft for discussion at the Disarmament Conference drawn up. The conference opened in Geneva in Feb., 1932, and was attended by League of Nations members, as well as by the United States and the Soviet Union. Disagreements over the definition of categories of war materials, which had obstructed the progress of the preparatory commission, continued to hinder the conference. Intent on maintaining its security against Germany, France was particularly reluctant to agree to any type of military limitation. Germany, whose military power had been severely limited by the Treaty of Versailles, responded by claiming that if world disarmament to the German level was not accomplished, Germany had the right to rearm and achieve military equality. Deadlock ensued. The conference was in adjournment from June to Oct., 1933. When it reassembled, Germany, now under the control of Adolf Hitler and already preparing to rearm, withdrew (Oct. 14) from the conference and from the League of Nations. The conference again adjourned, and reconvened only sporadically thereafter. It ceased to meet after May 1, 1937. By this time the general expansion of armaments that preceded World War II was already under way, and any hope for disarmament was unrealistic.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pakistan, she said, does not support weakening of the the role of Conference on Disarmament (CD) through General Assembly-led non-universal processes that are divisive and not agreed by consensus.
The conference on disarmament was founded in 1978 by the decision of the special session of the UN General Assembly, headquartered in Geneva.
which is contributing to a 16- year deadlock in the Conference on Disarmament, voted no.
Its election to the presidency of the Conference on Disarmament, as the most important disarmament negotiating body of the UN, is its right in accordance with the established practice and rules of procedure of this organ," he said.
But this is the point where I have to say that I would feel even more honored presiding over our work if the Conference on Disarmament were actually in a state where it makes active use of this potential that is where it fulfils its own mandate.
Despite mounting pressure from some nuclear powers over past two years, Pakistan has been blocking the launching of negotiations on the proposed treaty at Conference on Disarmament on the ground that it is prejudicial to its national security interests.
These calls will get a further boost in September when civil society groups gather in Mexico City for a UN-sponsored conference on disarmament and development.
The Conference on Disarmament, which paved the way to the global adoption of arms control and armaments efforts, has played a leading role during the negotiations and agreement on important international instruments, such as the Nuclear non-Proliferation Treaty, Biological Weapons Convention, Chemical Weapons Convention and the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty.
International Women's Day Statement to the Conference on Disarmament Geneva 5 March 2009
Summary: Algeria has played a "crucial role" in making progress in the works of the United Nations Conference on Disarmament, said Tuesday in Geneva Swiss Foreign Minister Micheline Calmy-Rey.
It discusses the activities of the Conference on Disarmament, International Atomic Energy Agency verification and safeguard activities, and other nuclear safety and security trends and issues.
As prominent members of the Conference on Disarmament (CD), and listed in Annex 2 of the Comprehensive Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) as possessing a nuclear capability, Belgium and Germany could have at the very least reported on resolutions supported and contributions to various arms control bodies.

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