conflict theory

(redirected from Conflict paradigm)

conflict theory

  1. any theory or collection of theories which emphasizes the role of CONFLICT (especially between groups and classes) in human societies.
  2. more specifically, the relatively diffuse collection of theories that, in the 1960s, were ranged against, and contested the dominance of, Parsonian STRUCTURAL-FUNCTIONALISM and its emphasis on societies as mainly governed by value consensus and the internalization of institutionalized shared values. The main feature of such conflict theories was that:
  1. they accused functionalist sociologies of disregarding conflicts of value and interest in human societies, or at best regarding these as a secondary phenomenon;
  2. as an alternative to functionalism, they offered an account of both the integration of society and of social change which emphasized the role of POWER and COERCION and the pursuit of economic and political interests in human affairs, as well as the more general role of conflict.
While some versions of conflict theory were Marxist or influenced by Marxism (e.g. GOULDNER), others were not, and were advanced on a more eclectic basis. One important approach, for example, was based on the work of SIMMEL (e.g. Lewis Coser, 1956) and emphasized the social functions as well as the disruptive effects of conflict. Still others (e.g. DAHRENDORF, REX) emphasized the significance of WEBER as well as of Marx in the study of conflict. In a highly influential article (‘Social integration and system integration’, 1964), David LOCKWOOD underlined the importance of an approach in which conflict was more central than in functionalism, when he drew attention once again to the existence of ‘social conflicts’ and ‘system contradictions’, as well as ‘social integration’ and ‘system integration’, as major elements in social life (see also SOCIAL INTEGRATION AND SYSTEM INTEGRATION). In the 1970s and subsequently with the reflourishing of a full range of conflict theories, simple distinctions between ‘functionalism’ and ‘conflict theory’ are no longer important, and with this the usage of ‘conflict theory’ in sense 2 has faded.
References in periodicals archive ?
The problem isn't that humanitarian or human rights law no longer fits the conflict paradigm - it's that those norms are protected through enforcement.
Those operating within the Conflict paradigm must choose between science and religion.
However, much of the late twentieth-century literature discussing the theoretical patterns for relating science and theology tends to minimize the contemporary influence of the conflict paradigm in favor of more compartmental, integrative, or complementary paradigms.
The military courts have been set up in the legally permissible zone of Article 245 and should be viewed as a necessary and proportionate measure under the law of conflict paradigm.
O'Neil's gender role conflict paradigm (GRC; O'Neil, Helms, Gable, David, & Wrightsman, 1986) has contributed significantly to our understanding of the psychology of men and masculinity (Good, Borst, & Wallace, 1994; Smiler, 2004; Thompson, Pleck, & Ferrera, 1992).
Loneliness was chosen as the measure of psychological distress to investigate with our sample because it potentially fits with the theoretical notion of the gender role conflict paradigm.
Darder, Tones, and Gutierrez appear to be advancing a conflict paradigm.
For example, consider the theoretical frameworks used in the Sociology of Education, which can basically be divided into two camps: consensus and conflict paradigms.
This Article advocates a different paradigm -- the transnational conflict paradigm -- that better explains various collective action failures and points the way toward mechanisms that might correct these problems.
This text deserves a place upon the bookshelf of those currently working within the conflict paradigm.
The gender role conflict paradigm focuses on how men's psychological strain occurs when they are restricted to only the stereotypical traditional norms.
32) If the State is not operating within the self-defense or armed conflict paradigms, it must be operating in the human rights paradigm.

Full browser ?