Scoliosis

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Related to Congenital scoliosis: Idiopathic scoliosis

scoliosis

[‚skō·lē′ō·səs]
(medicine)
Lateral curvature of the spine.

Scoliosis

 

a lateral deviation of the spine in man. Scoliosis develops during the period of rapid growth of the spine, between the ages of five and 15; it is three to six times more common in girls. The deviation may be to the left or to the right. Scoliosis generally occurs in the thoracic segment of the spine. It may subsequently also affect the lumbar segment, causing S-shaped scoliosis. If scoliosis is pronounced, the pelvis becomes misaligned, the gait is abnormal, and lung and heart functions are impaired. Scoliosis combined with kyphosis is called kyphoscoliosis.

Scoliosis may be congenital, caused by abnormal embryonic development, or acquired. Acquired scoliosis may develop from rickets, injuries (usually after a spinal fracture in the lumbar segment), paralysis (for example, during poliomyelitis), or reflex pain (for example, if the sciatic nerve becomes inflamed, resulting in the reflex strain of spinal muscles). Children who do not sit properly at their school desks are often afflicted with scoliosis; this type of scoliosis is usually accompanied by rachitic scoliosis.

Preventive measures are based on eliminating the main causes of the disease. Health standards should be observed in designing children’s furniture, and children should be taught to sit properly at a desk or table. Therapy includes swimming and exercise. Those with pronounced scoliosis can wear special corrective corsets or have surgical treatment.

REFERENCES

Movshovich, 1. A. Skolioz. Moscow, 1964.
Liandres, Z. A., and L. K. Zakrevskii. Operativnoe lechente skoliozov u detei. Leningrad, 1967. (Contains bibliography.)

V. F. POZHARISKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Prof Dunwoodie asserted that the findings implied that women could now be tested for a genetic predisposition to congenital scoliosis, and also modify their lifestyle during pregnancy, especially if there is a family history of birth defects.
In congenital scoliosis, the bones in the spine are imperfectly formed and the abnormalities have been present since birth.
Campbell and Hell-Vocke (3) investigated the results of VEPTR implantation in 21 children with congenital scoliosis and fused ribs; three of the children had already had a posterior spinal fusion procedure performed.
Upon her birth, Sarah was diagnosed with congenital scoliosis, congenital heart disease, kyphosis, spondylocostal dysostosis along with thoracic insufficiency syndrome, restricted lung disease and pulmonary hypertension.
CONGENITAL scoliosis is defined as a curvature of the spine that is the result of malformations of the vertebral elements.
I operate on around 60 to 80 cases a year ranging from congenital scoliosis to Idiopathic scoliosis and from babies as young as six months old to teenagers.
Congenital disorders such as myelomeningocele, congenital scoliosis, and clubfoot and polio-related disorders are present in great numbers.

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