Scoliosis

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Related to Congenital scoliosis: Idiopathic scoliosis

scoliosis

[‚skō·lē′ō·səs]
(medicine)
Lateral curvature of the spine.

Scoliosis

 

a lateral deviation of the spine in man. Scoliosis develops during the period of rapid growth of the spine, between the ages of five and 15; it is three to six times more common in girls. The deviation may be to the left or to the right. Scoliosis generally occurs in the thoracic segment of the spine. It may subsequently also affect the lumbar segment, causing S-shaped scoliosis. If scoliosis is pronounced, the pelvis becomes misaligned, the gait is abnormal, and lung and heart functions are impaired. Scoliosis combined with kyphosis is called kyphoscoliosis.

Scoliosis may be congenital, caused by abnormal embryonic development, or acquired. Acquired scoliosis may develop from rickets, injuries (usually after a spinal fracture in the lumbar segment), paralysis (for example, during poliomyelitis), or reflex pain (for example, if the sciatic nerve becomes inflamed, resulting in the reflex strain of spinal muscles). Children who do not sit properly at their school desks are often afflicted with scoliosis; this type of scoliosis is usually accompanied by rachitic scoliosis.

Preventive measures are based on eliminating the main causes of the disease. Health standards should be observed in designing children’s furniture, and children should be taught to sit properly at a desk or table. Therapy includes swimming and exercise. Those with pronounced scoliosis can wear special corrective corsets or have surgical treatment.

REFERENCES

Movshovich, 1. A. Skolioz. Moscow, 1964.
Liandres, Z. A., and L. K. Zakrevskii. Operativnoe lechente skoliozov u detei. Leningrad, 1967. (Contains bibliography.)

V. F. POZHARISKII

References in periodicals archive ?
For congenital scoliosis and kyphosis caused by hemivertebra, the hemivertebral resection can directly remove the deformity and pathology, and therefore it is the most ideal method.
Congenital scoliosis due to hemivertebra is more likely to show rapid progression at a younger age than juvenile idiopathic scoliosis and a referral for a surgical opinion at an early age is necessary.
Diagnoses included idiopathic scoliosis (N = 606), neuromuscular scoliosis (N = 20), congenital scoliosis (N = 38), syndromic scoliosis (N = 14), kyphosis (N = 58), spondylolisthesis (N = 22), hemivertebrae (N = 4), and revision (N = 160).
However, several investigators have described hereditary congenital scoliosis [16].
A mechanism for gene environment interaction in the etiology of congenital scoliosis.
While the potential for hypoxia to disrupt embryo development has been known for almost two centuries, it is the first time that gene mutations have been identified for congenital scoliosis, a condition which affects about one in 1000 newborns.
It was distinctively S-shaped in nature and possibly the worst case of congenital scoliosis I'd seen in a long time.
Emily Wiatrek, suffering from congenital scoliosis, was in need of a rare blood type for a life-saving surgery.
It is thought the young mammal was born with congenital scoliosis - genetic curvature of the spine - and has managed to live in the wild because it is still suckling from its mother.
TITANIUM SCOLIOSIS Tx A novel titanium "rib" that corrects chest wall deformities has been implanted in two children with congenital scoliosis at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, by Dr.
Dennis Ogelia, the patient's treating physician, admitted the patient to the hospital for treatment of congenital scoliosis.

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