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one of the movements within Calvinism that arose in England in the second half of the 16th century as a radical faction in Puritanism. The most eminent of the founders was R. Brown (hence, Brownists, the other name for Congregationalists). During the English bourgeois revolution of the 17th century the group acted as a political party. The Congregationalists found their second homeland in the English colonies of North America.

Each Congregationalist congregation is autonomous, considers Christ at its head, and determines for itself its form of worship and creed, selects its leaders and a pastor, accepts and expels members, and does not acknowledge subordination to a presbytery, as do the Presbyterians. However, each Congregationalist congregation “covenants” its religious beliefs and worship with other Congregationalist congregations. In practice, Congregationalists are orthodox Calvinist Protestants who follow the Savoy Confession (1658, London), formed according to the example of the Calvinist Presbyterian Westminister Confession, but replacing the Presbyterian church organization with the Congregationalist organization.

Congregationalist congregations are found mainly in English-speaking countries and have approximately 2 million members. The International Congregational Council was founded in 1891, with its center in London. Congregationalists are active in the ecumenical movement.


References in periodicals archive ?
A recent book brings to the attention of the public the history of this remarkable institution, which defied the apartheid laws for three decades, pioneered new ways of doing theology, and trained several generations of Anglican, Methodist, Presbyterian, and Congregationalist ministers in an ecumenical spirit.
At the opposite end of the spectrum of religious opinion from ardent conformists, response to presbyterian arguments helped shape the congregationalist ideas of Henry Jacob and others.
Only when the Congregationalists and Methodists came together in the 1960s to form the United Reform Church was the Stoneway Chapel finally deemed surplus to requirements.
For four years, the Congregationalists refrained from comment until a Baptist reviewer of Judson's sermon questioned the character of his detractors and cast aspersions on the intellectual validity of pedobaptist doctrine.
The simply titled "Hymn" successfully emulates, in sentiment and structure, Isaac Watts's hymns, still being sung in Congregationalist circles.
There was more to this chap with glasses perched on his nose than an almost instinctive understanding of commerce and that Congregationalist religion -which had been flinted amid the shawls and the dropped aitches, the rhythm of clogs and the hooting of factory sirens, in non conformist Lancashire, where the Good Book was pit-black and broth was always nourishing.
13) Some have taken Barrett's remark "I used to go with my father always, when I was able, to the nearest dissenting chapel of the congregationalists" (BC, 11:10) as referring to her girlhood attending of a Congregationalist chapel.
The Society of Friends (Quakers) built their first Meeting House in 1663, the Baptists were established by 1737, the Congregationalists by 1747, and the first Methodist Chapel was built in 1782.
Because Baptists and other evangelicals had been persecuted and harassed by the majority faiths--the Anglicans in the South and the Puritan-influenced Congregationalists in the North--these religious minorities had concluded that their freedom would only be guaranteed when majority faiths could not use the power of the state to promote their theology and institutions.
examines how even the most rigid Congregationalists could dip into poetry now and again, as evidenced by the brisk sales of Wigglesworth's The Day of Doom, which contained such a definite conflict between content and meter that it became safe.
These Congregationalists saw prophecy and the preaching ministry as the same thing.
8) The result was a series of splits, defections, and withdrawal of financial support from the historic, American establishment denominations such as the Presbyterians and the Congregationalists (today's United Church of Christ), a pattern that continues through this day.

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