Congress of Racial Equality

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Congress of Racial Equality

(CORE), civil-rights organization founded (1942) in Chicago by James Farmer. Dedicated to the use of nonviolent direct action, CORE initially sought to promote better race relations and end racial discrimination in the United States. It first focused on activities directed toward the desegregation of public accommodations in Chicago, later expanding its program of nonviolent sit-ins to the South. CORE gained national recognition by sponsoring (1961) the Freedom Rides, a series of confrontational bus rides throughout the South by interracial groups of CORE members and supporters that ultimately succeeding in ending segregation on interstate bus routes. CORE was one of the sponsors of the 1963 civil-rights march on Washington. After 1966, when Farmer resigned, the organization concentrated more on black voter registration in the South and on community problems. Later leaders have focused on African-American political and economic empowerment and have tended to agree with civil-rights critics such as Presidents Ronald ReaganReagan, Ronald Wilson
, 1911–2004, 40th president of the United States (1981–89), b. Tampico, Ill. In 1932, after graduation from Eureka College, he became a radio announcer and sportscaster.
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 and George H. W.BushBush, George Herbert Walker,
1924–, 41st President of the United States (1989–93), b. Milton, Mass., B.A., Yale Univ., 1948. Career in Business and Government
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. CORE leader Roy InnisInnis, Roy
(Roy Emile Alfredo Innis), 1934–, American civil-rights leader, b. St. Croix, Virgin Islands. A member of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) since 1963, he has been its national director (1968–82) and has served as national chairman since 1970.
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 supported the nominations of Robert BorkBork, Robert Heron,
1927–2012, American jurist, b. Pittsburgh. He received his law degree from the Univ. of Chicago in 1953, and was professor of law at Yale (1962–73, 1977–81). While serving as U.S.
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 (1987) and Clarence ThomasThomas, Clarence,
1948–, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1991–), b. Pin Point (Savannah), Ga. Raised in a poor family, he graduated (1974) from the Yale Law School and became a prominent black conservative active in Republican causes.
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 (1991) to the U.S. Supreme Court. In 1996–98, Innis led teams that monitored elections in Nigeria. By 1999, CORE had about 100,000 members in 5 regional groups, 39 state groups, and 116 local groups.


See study by A. Meier and E. Rudwick (1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
With so many other crucial issues facing our community, we are in a state of disbelief that some of our Black leadership organizations, such as the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), the National Black Chamber of Commerce (NBCC), and the National Organization of Black Law Enforcement (NOBLE) continue to act as front groups for the predatory tobacco industry," she said.
As part of a settlement in a lawsuit backed by the Second Amendment Foundation, the Congress of Racial Equality, and the National Rifle Association, the L.
Sandra Moore, an adviser to the state chairman of the Congress of Racial Equality, said inmates told her that jail staffers, including a sergeant, used a racial slur against Danny Smith on two occasions during the altercation at the downtown jail Saturday.
Fox was joined by Celes King, of the Congress of Racial Equality, Los Angeles chapter, who expressed concern that the mandate would thrust undue financial burdens on the poor and middle class; Bruce Whitaker, of the Committees of Correspondence (the largest taxpayers' group in Orange County); Charles Isham, of the Apartment Association of Greater Los Angeles; Max Turchen, of the Congress of California Seniors of Los Angeles; and Professor Peter Gordon, of the University of Southern California, author of a study on electric vehicles.
Gill Ross of the American Council on Science and Health, as well as Roy Innis and Cyril Boynes of the Congress of Racial Equality.
The Congress of Racial Equality also is investigating the death, said Sandra Moore, an adviser to the civil rights group.
Union (AFL-CIO), United Agribusiness League, Congress of Racial Equality and the Western States Petroleum Assn.
28 /PRNewswire/ -- The Congress of Racial Equality presented its 26th annual event to give tribute to the national holiday of Dr.
A civil rights leader in his hometown, he became president of the Cleveland chapter of the Congress of Racial Equality in the early 1970s.
Joining the Congress of Seniors, California Manufacturers Association and National Federation of Independent Business today in submitting testimony in opposition to the Edison hidden consumer tax were the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), California Business Alliance, La Habra Heights Water District, California Floral Association, Toward Utility Rate Normalization, Printing Industries of California, California Seed Association and the California Feed and Grain Association.
22 /PRNewswire/ -- In commemoration of this year's King Holiday, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) paid tribute to Bishop T.
He was the type of person who made every effort to bring this city together,'' said Celes King III, state chairman of the Congress of Racial Equality and a longtime friend of Yorty's.

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