Connally, John Bowden, JR.

Connally, John Bowden, Jr.

(kŏn`əlē), 1917–93, U.S. public official, b. Floresville, Tex. A lawyer, he became associated with Lyndon B. JohnsonJohnson, Lyndon Baines,
1908–73, 36th President of the United States (1963–69), b. near Stonewall, Tex. Early Life

Born into a farm family, he graduated (1930) from Southwest Texas State Teachers College (now Southwest Texas State Univ.), in San Marcos.
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, managed the latter's successful senatorial campaign in 1948, and later served as Johnson's administrative assistant. He was named secretary of the navy in 1961, but he resigned (1962) to campaign for the governorship of Texas and was elected. When President John F. KennedyKennedy, John Fitzgerald,
1917–63, 35th President of the United States (1961–63), b. Brookline, Mass.; son of Joseph P. Kennedy. Early Life

While an undergraduate at Harvard (1936–40) he served briefly in London as secretary to his father, who was
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 was assassinated in Dallas, Connally was accompanying him and was wounded. He was twice reelected governor, serving until 1968. A conservative Democrat, he was chosen (1971) by President Richard M. NixonNixon, Richard Milhous,
1913–94, 37th President of the United States (1969–74), b. Yorba Linda, Calif. Political Career to 1968

A graduate of Whittier College and Duke law school, he practiced law in Whittier, Calif.
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 as secretary of the treasury and was instrumental in bringing about the institution of a 90-day wage-price freeze in Aug., 1971. In May, 1972, Connally resigned from the cabinet to aid the president's reelection. The following year Connally joined the Republican party and served a short term as a special adviser to the President after the resignation of key aides as a result of the Watergate affairWatergate affair,
in U.S. history, series of scandals involving the administration of President Richard M. Nixon; more specifically, the burglarizing of the Democratic party national headquarters in the Watergate apartment complex in Washington, D.C.
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See studies by C. Ashman (1974) and A. F. Crawford and J. Keever (1974).