Connolly, James


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Connolly, James,

1870–1916, Irish nationalist and socialist. An advocate of revolutionary syndicalismsyndicalism
, political and economic doctrine that advocates control of the means and processes of production by organized bodies of workers. Like anarchists, syndicalists believe that any form of state is an instrument of oppression and that the state should be abolished.
..... Click the link for more information.
, he went (1903) to the United States, where he helped to organize the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). Returning to Ireland, he became an organizer of the Belfast dockworkers. He helped James LarkinLarkin, James,
1876–1947, Irish labor leader. The Irish Transport and General Workers' Union, which he organized and of which he was secretary, had as its goal the combining of all Irish industrial workers, skilled and unskilled, into one organization.
..... Click the link for more information.
 to organize the Irish Transport and General Workers Union and, during the great lockout of the Dublin transport workers in 1913, organized a citizen army. Convinced that the triumph of Irish nationalism was a prerequisite for the success of Irish socialism, he joined the Easter Rebellion of 1916. He was wounded, court-martialed, and executed.

Bibliography

See two selections from his writings: Socialism and Anatomy (with intro. and notes by D. Ryan, 1948) and The Workers' Republic (ed. by D. Ryan, 1951); biography by C. D. Greaves (1972).

Connolly, James

 

Born June 5, 1868, in Edinburgh; died May 12, 1916, in Dublin. Irish revolutionary and fighter for the independence of Ireland.

In the 1880’s, Connolly was active in the strike movement and studied the works of K. Marx and F. Engels. In 1896 he founded the Irish Socialist Republican Party in Dublin—a party that aimed at combining the struggle for socialism and the struggle for national liberation. He lived in the USA between 1903 and 1910, participating in the socialist movement and in the founding of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). After returning to Ireland in 1910, Connolly joined J. Larkin as leader of the largest trade union of transportation and unskilled workers. He led the Dublin Strike of 1913.

Despite his syndicalist errors, Connolly made a great contribution to the dissemination of Marxism. He wrote many works on the political and ideological struggle, the history of the workers’ and national liberation movement, economics, and military affairs. One of the main leaders of the Irish Uprising of 1916 against British imperialism, Connolly joined other leaders of the rebellion in signing a proclamation that declared an independent Irish Republic. After the defeat of the uprising Connolly, gravely wounded, was captured by British authorities and shot.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Rabochii klass v istorii Irlandii: Otvoevanie Irlandii Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Orlova, M. E. “Iz istorii rasprostraneniia marksizma v Irlandii.” In the collection Iz istorii marksizma i mezhdunarodnogo rabochego dvizheniia. Moscow, 1963.
Greaves, C. D. The Life and Times of James Connolly. London, 1961.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The international ensemble cast is led by Evangeline Lilly, Luke Evans, Lee Pace, Benedict Cumberbatch, Billy Connolly, James Nesbitt, Ken Stott, Aidan Turner, Dean O'Gorman, Graham McTavish, Stephen Fry, and Ryan Gage.
Secretary of State Colin Powell Senators Mark Warner and Tim Kaine Congressmen Gerry Connolly, James Moran and Frank Wolf Virginia Secretary of Public Safety Brian Moran Chairman Sharon Bulova, Fairfax County Board of Supervisors
Redgate Rovers had efforts from Craig Blackwell (2) and Ben Helme to retain pole position in Division Three on goal difference following their 3-1 triumph at Belfry but second placed Gateacre cranked up the pressure when goals from Ian Lewis, Jordan Whelan, Joe Connolly, James Bray and Johnny McGee secured a 5-1 win over Chester Nomads Reserves.
The TIBS goal came courtesy of Mason Keogh, with Sam Connolly, James Frazer, Ian Glasgow and Matthew Hickman all on target for the home side.
Besides the locations, there are familiar faces to spot, including John Woodvine as local priest Father Connolly, James Baxter as Whatley's RAF son Ken, and Sir Derek Jacobi, no less, as the pompous self-promoted major in charge of the home guard.
Valentine's Day Team Scramble: Ian Stranks, Craig Pitt, Daniel Eason and Ian Donnelly 84pts (c/b), Gary Cooper, Conal Kelly, Gareth Jenkins, and Paul Taylor, Jeff Clewes, Chris Laird, Dean Young and Wes Clayton 83, Dave Parsons, Steve Parsons, Mike Towers and Phil Smith 82 (c/b), Richard Taylor, Andrew Connolly, James Shepherd and Simon Franklin 82; Nearest Pin (17th)-Conal Kelly; Nearest Pin (15th)-Chris Laird.
HEROES: Medal-winning gardai Peter Connolly, James Conway, James Donegan (retired), Michelle Gethings, Joseph Ryan, Nigel Burke and David Sweeney yesterday Picture: BRIAN GAVIN
TRANMERE RES: Connolly, James, Johnston, Holmes, Creswell, Holden (Williams 60), Ferguson (Behan 80), Henry, M.
The trio, Niall Connolly, James Monaghan and Martin McCauley, were arrested at Bogota airport in 2001 under suspicion of training Marxist rebels.
Niall Connolly, James Monaghan and Martin McCauley had been missing since last December after an appeal court reversed their original acquittal and sentenced them to 17 years in prison for training rebel FARC guerrillas.
The Foxes' front-runners, however, have been struggling in front of goal - David Connolly, James Scowcroft and Nathan Blake have combined for a total of just six goals in 46 league starts.
Niall Connolly, James Monaghan and Martin McCauley were arrested in August 2001 after visiting a rebel stronghold in southern Colombia.