Galápagos Land Iguana

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Galápagos Land Iguana

 

(Conolophus subcristatus), also brown and gold land iguana, a lizard of the family Iguanidae. Measuring up to 1 m long, it has a short crest of enlarged scales along the spine. It is found only on the Galápagos Islands. The lizard digs deep burrows and feeds on vegetation, primarily cacti. During his voyage on the Beagle, C. Darwin observed large number of Galapagos land iguanas on James Island. Today their numbers have sharply decreased, and there are small numbers of them only on some of the islands.

References in periodicals archive ?
Galapagos land iguanas diverged from the famous Galapagos marine iguanas 10 to 20 million years ago, and there are currently two recognized species of terrestrial iguanas: Conolophus subcristatus and C.
The molecular evolution of the Galapagos iguanas (Amblyrhynchus cristatus Bell, Conolophus subcristatus Gray, and C.
Both the giant tortoises and the giant land iguanas Conolophus subcristatus may occupy the niches that in other sites are occupied by herbivorous mammals.