Constantin Von Neurath

Neurath, Constantin Von

 

Born Feb. 2, 1873, in Klein-Glattbach, Württemberg; died Aug. 14, 1956, in Enzweihingen. A major war criminal of fascist Germany.

Neurath entered the diplomatic service in 1908. As foreign minister from 1932 to 1938, he directed the diplomatic preparation for the fascist German aggression. In 1938 and 1939 he was head of the Secret Council of the Cabinet, the highest consultative body on foreign policy. As “protector of Bohemia and Moravia” from 1939 to 1942, Neurath was in charge of the brutal occupation regime in Czechoslovakia. At the Nuremberg trial of the major war criminals in 1945–46, he was sentenced to 15 years in prison. He was released in 1954 before his term was finished.

References in periodicals archive ?
Constantin von Neurath was the rather colorless conservative foreign minister whose presence in Hitler's cabinet seemed a mark of continuity and predictability in German foreign policy, insulating the regime against outside interference, especially at its outset, and cloaking its true policies in respectability for many years.
Hermann Goring G G G G Hanging Rudolf Hess G G NG NG Life Joachim von Ribbentrop G G G G Hanging Wilhelm Keitel G G G G Hanging Ernst Kaltenbrunner NG G G Hanging Alfred Rosenberg G G G G Hanging Hans Frank NG G G Hanging Wilhelm Frick NG G G G Hanging Julius Streicher NG G Hanging Walther Funk NG G G G Life Hjalmar Schacht NG NG Acquitted Karl Donitz NG G G 10 Years Erich Raeder G G G Life Baldur von Schirach NG G 20 Years Fritz Sauckel NG NG G G Hanging Alfred Jodl G G G G Hanging Martin Bormann (absent) NG G G Hanging Franz von Papen NG NG Acquitted Arthur Seyss-Inquart NG G G G Hanging Albert Speer NG NG G G 20 Years Constantin von Neurath G G G G 15 Years Hans Fritzsche NG NG NG Acquitted
Similar indignation at the impropriety of summons before the Tribunal marked the bearing of the old conservatives, Franz von Papen and Constantin von Neurath, as well as that of Hjalmar Schacht, the banker who had helped to put Hitler's Reich on the road to economic recovery.