Constantinople Peace Treaty of 1700

Constantinople Peace Treaty of 1700

 

concluded between Russia and Turkey on July 3 (14) in Constantinople.

According to the terms of the treaty, which confirmed the results of the Azov campaigns of 1695–96, Russia kept Azov and the adjacent territory with the newly built fortresses of Taganrog, Pavlovsk, and Mius. Turkey received back the part of the Dnieper region occupied by Russian troops, but the small Turkish fortresses located there were to be destroyed at once. Both sides were obliged not to build new fortifications in the border zone and not to allow armed incursions. Turkey was required to release Russian prisoners of war and also to grant Russia the right of diplomatic representation in Constantinople on the same basis as the other powers. Russia was released from payment of yearly tribute to the Crimean khan. The treaty guaranteed the neutrality of Turkey at the start of the Northern War of 1700–21. The treaty was to continue in effect for 30 years, but it was observed only until November 1710, when the sultan declared war on Russia.

REFERENCE

Solov’ev, S. M. Istoriia Rossii s drevneishikh vremen, book 7. Moscow, 1962. Pages 607–12.

V. P. LYSTSOV

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