Constantinus Africanus


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Constantinus Africanus

(kŏn'stəntī`nəs ăfrĭkā`nəs), c.1010–1087, medical translator and Benedictine monk. The life of Constantinus before his arrival at Salerno c.1070 is obscure. According to the monk who wrote his biography, Constantinus was born in Carthage, traveled extensively in North Africa and various parts of Asia for four decades, and accumulated everywhere manuscripts on medicine and other sciences. Ejected from Carthage as a magician, he fled to Salerno, where he remained for several years before retiring in 1076 to Monte Cassino. There he spent his remaining years in great activity; among the 30-odd works attributed to him are translations of HippocratesHippocrates
, c.460–c.370 B.C., Greek physician, recognized as the father of medicine. He is believed to have been born on the island of Cos, to have studied under his father, a physician, to have traveled for some time, perhaps studying in Athens, and to have then
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, GalenGalen
, c.130–c.200, physician and writer, b. Pergamum, of Greek parents. After study in Greece and Asia Minor and at Alexandria, he returned to Pergamum, where he served as physician to the gladiatorial school. He resided chiefly in Rome from c.162.
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, Isaac Judaeus, and Haly Abbas.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to articles on the Aristoteles Latinus (and Plato Latinus) and on individual translators (including Marius Victorinus, Ambrose, Eustathius, Rufinus, Constantinus Africanus, Johannes Hispanus, Gerard of Cremona, Michael Scot, William Moerbeke and Robert Grosseteste), there are some extremely useful surveys, most notably H.