Konstanz

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Konstanz

(kôn`stänts), Fr. Constance, city (1994 pop. 75,980), Baden-Württemberg, SW Germany, on the Rhine River at the western end of Lake Constance (Bodensee), and near the Swiss border. Its industries include engineering and the manufacture of textiles, chemicals, and electrical equipment. The city is also a tourist center. Konstanz was founded as a Roman fort in the 4th cent. A.D. and became an episcopal see at the end of the 6th cent. The bishops became powerful and held large territories, including much of Baden-Württemberg and Switzerland, as princes of the Holy Roman Empire. In Konstanz in 1183, Emperor Frederick I recognized the Lombard LeagueLombard League,
an alliance formed in 1167 among the communes of Lombardy to resist Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I when he attempted to assert his imperial authority in Lombardy. Previously the communes had been divided, some favoring the emperor and others favoring the pope.
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. Located on a trade route between Germany and Italy, Konstanz became a free imperial city in 1192. During the Council of Constance (1414–18), John Huss was burned at the stake. In 1531 the city, which had accepted the Reformation, joined the Schmalkaldic League. Emperor Charles V, after defeating the League, deprived Konstanz of its free imperial status and gave it to his brother, later Emperor Ferdinand I. Konstanz was in Austrian hands from 1548 until it was ceded (1805) to Baden. The bishopric was suppressed in 1821, and the diocese was abolished in 1827. Among the numerous historic buildings in Konstanz are the cathedral (11th cent.; additions 15th and 17th cent.); the Council building (1388); and a former Dominican convent (now a hotel), the birthplace (1838) of Graf von Zeppelin, the soldier and aviator. Konstanz is the seat of a university.

Konstanz

 

(also Constance); a city in the southern part of the Federal Republic of Germany, in the state of Baden-Wurttemberg. It is situated on the Rhine, at Lake Constance (Bodensee). Population, 61,300 (1970). Konstanz is a river port with ferry service to Merseburg. It has textile, machine-building, pharmaceutical, ceramics, and food-processing industries. The city was founded on the site of a Roman fortification. Its architectural monuments include the cathedral (begun in the 11th century; completed in the 15th and 16th centuries), the Augustian Church (13th century), St. Stephen’s Church (15th century), the Jesuit Church (1604), the Dominican monastery (1236–1785), and the town hall (1589–94). The former Kaufhaus (1388) housed the Council of Constance.

References in periodicals archive ?
Constanz says, "Justin, you put each block in its place on the shelf.