Canada Act

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Canada Act,

also called the Constitutional Act of 1982, which made Canada a fully sovereign state. The British Parliament approved it on Mar. 25, 1982, and Queen Elizabeth II proclaimed it on Apr. 17, 1982. When Quebec residents voted (May, 1980) in a referendum not to seek sovereignty, Prime Minister Trudeau moved to create an amended constitution. The final document, agreed upon in Nov., 1981, by the federal government and every province except Quebec, combines the British North America ActBritish North America Act,
law passed by the British Parliament in 1867 that provided for the unification of the Canadian provinces into the dominion of Canada. Until 1982 the act also functioned as the constitution of Canada.
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 of 1867, subsequent amendments to that act by the British Parliament, and new material resulting from 18 months of intense negotiations between federal and provincial powers. It contains a Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which guarantees 34 rights including religious freedom, minority language education, and cultural tolerance. The Charter contains a clause which allows many rights to be overridden in federal or provinical legislatures by a "notwithstanding clause." Other parts of the Act recognize native treaty rights, increase the power provinces have over their natural resources, and provide an amendment formula, which requires approval of two-thirds (seven) of the provinces and 50% of the country's population. Quebec's attempts to oppose the Canada Act ended in Dec., 1982, when its claim to constitutional veto was rejected by the Supreme Court of Canada. Negotiations with Quebec continued with the Meech Lake AccordMeech Lake Accord,
set of constitutional reforms designed to induce Quebec to accept the Canada Act. The Accord's five basic points, proposed by Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa, include a guarantee of Quebec's special status as a "distinct society" and a commitment to Canada's
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, which failed in 1990, and with subsequent federal initiatives.
References in periodicals archive ?
The text of the resolution could be quite simple: "that sections 21 to 36 of the Constitution Act, 1867 and all other references to the Senate in the Constitution of Canada be repealed.
At the heart of the matter is what the framers of the Constitution intended in section 91(24) of the Constitution Act 1867 when they wrote that the federal government has the legislative jurisdiction for "Indians and lands reserved for the Indians.
Canada's formal constitutional amending procedure is set out in Part V of the Constitution Act, 1982.
As revealed in the feature "Chemical Renaissance," CCI chemists are using the latest analytical equipment to preserve and protect priceless works of fine art as well as modern artifacts, such as Canada's 1982 Proclamation of the Constitution Act.
According to a notification issued by the Services and General Administration Department here on Tuesday, both the ministers have been removed from their offices under the section 14 and sub-section 3 of AJK Interim Constitution Act, 1974.
According to a notification issued by the services and general administration department here both the ministers have been removed from their offices under the section 14 and sub-section 3 of AJK Interim Constitution Act, 1974.
The opinion is ambiguous in this respect, moving back and forth between the idea of an embedded structure of the constitutional order--in which each institution, including an unelected Senate, exists in a complementary relationship to other sites of constitutional authority--and the distinct idea of an embedded structure of constitutional text--in which the overall organization and arrangement of Part V of the Constitution Act has normative significance in the determination of the process of constitutional amendment in Canada.
Michael Asch, though coming from a disciplinary background in anthropology, is a long-standing contributor to the legal literature on Aboriginal and treaty rights under section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.
The court challenge is based on the degree of consent required under the Constitution Act, 1982 to effect these changes.
Sturgeon said the UK was the only EU or Commonwealth country without a written constitution or a constitution Act.
This case, along with other lobbying, led to the 1960 Bill of Rights under Prime Minister Dief-enbaker, which moved "property and civil rights" from the jurisdiction of the provinces under the Constitution Act, 1867, to a national consideration.
This decision will deepen and enhance the agenda of promoting media diversity that is envisaged in the Constitution Act of 1996 and the MDDA Act of 2002.