Constitutional Court


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Constitutional Court

 

in some foreign countries, a special agency whose sole or main function is constitutional supervision.

Unlike ordinary supreme courts, the constitutional court does not belong to the system of courts of general jurisdiction. The members of the constitutional court are either elected by the parliament (the Federal Constitutional Court in the Federal Republic of Germany) or appointed by the head of state (Austria and Cyprus). Sometimes the members of the constitutional court are appointed by the parliament or by other agencies of authority or justice; for example, in Italy an equal number of the members of the constitutional court are appointed by the president, parliament, and judiciary. In addition to carrying out constitutional supervision, the constitutional court has the right to interpret the constitution, decides whether the activities of political parties conform to the constitution, and considers disputes over jurisdiction. In practice, the activity of the constitutional court in contemporary bourgeois states is directed toward adapting the constitution in force to the needs of the ruling class as much as possible.

Constitutional courts exist in two socialist countries, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. In Czechoslovakia there are constitutional courts of the federation as well as of the member Czech and Slovak republics. The members of the courts are elected for seven-year terms by the Federal Assembly of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and by the National Councils of the Czech and Slovak republics, respectively. In Yugoslavia the constitutional court is elected by the Federal Assembly; half the members retire every four years. The members of the constitutional courts of the constituent republics are chosen by the republic assemblies.

References in periodicals archive ?
Karan stresses that "there is no law on the BiH Constitutional Court and that that court makes decisions by outvoting.
Petro Poroshenko reminded that in 2016, when changes to the Constitution of Ukraine in the area of justice were introduced, "everyone set out to create a strong, independent and authoritative Constitutional Court, as well as a strong, authoritative and independent Supreme Court of Ukraine".
Expert questions the rulingThe Constitutional Court ordered the president to also approve those candidates who did not complain about his decision not to appoint any parliamentary candidates to the court: Imrich Volkai and Mojmir Mamojka.
The Constitutional Court will likely give its opinion on the matter in September, Dainius Zalimas, the court's president, told BNS on Tuesday.
The 2014 Constitution dedicated the second part of the fifth chapter to the Constitutional Court.
Utilizing my diverse experience, I will take a vital role in globalizing the Korean constitutional court and developing human right and democracy in Asia.
Among the institutions implemented in Romania, after the Revolution from December, with the purpose to defend the rights and freedoms of the citizens, there appeared occidental institutions too, introduced for the first time in the Romanian history: People's Advocate, Legislative Council, law constitutionality control and the Constitutional Court (Deaconu, 2013: 148; Ionescu, 2002: 249-271).
Following the recent suspension, the newspaper's legal advisor Nabil Adeeb said the ruling of the Constitutional Court underscored that the NISS doesn't have the power to suspend newspapers.
Bishkek on May 11 hosted a seminar on the preparation and application of the reasoning of the decisions of the constitutional courts judges and staff of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court.
Reflecting the strong commitment of Morocco to promote the rule of law, the Constitutional Court decides, under Article 132 of the Constitution on the regularity of the election of members of Parliament and of referendums.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Mohammad Firas Yassin Rajjouh and Abdul-Salam Youssef Salameh have submitted their applications to the Supreme Constitutional Court announcing their candidacy for the upcoming presidential election.
The human rights defender said that the statements by the members of the Constitutional Court were contradictory and many

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