These BMPs can include constructed wetlands
, detention and infiltration basins, and bioswales, an alternative to storm sewers that use natural means such as vegetation and soil to treat stormwater by filtering out contaminants.
is designed with an objective to mimic the natural environment in overall structure while fostering those wetland processes that able to improve water quality.
Effects of plant community and phosphorous loading rate on constructed wetland
performance in Florida, USA.
Few wetlands have been studied in the West Cross Timbers region of Texas with one investigation involving only constructed wetlands
(Williams & Hudak 2005) and another examining a constructed wetland
with comparisons to a beaver-created marsh (Brister 2005), so little is known about wetland plant communities and succession.
Another type of constructed wetland
, called subsurface-flow or vegetated submerged beds (fig.
Small-scale constructed wetland
treatment systems: Feasibility, design criteria, and O & M requirements.
At the heart is a central courtyard containing a constructed wetland
with planting beds, stormwater retention tanks, and an outdoor learning laboratory (figure 4).
Other options for treatment to reduce the nutrient content of wastewater, include irrigation on a vegetative treatment strip and the use of a constructed wetland
2006, "Assessing the Potential of a Constructed Wetland
in Gray water Treatment," M.
While Biofilta has many benefits in the inner city, raingardens will be preferable in some locations and the system will never have the habitat and biodiversity benefits of a healthy constructed wetland
The five-year water monitoring project, begun in 1998, uses three constructed wetland
ponds incorporated into the golf course.
Effect of water level fluctuation on nitrogen removal from constructed wetland