Control Console


Also found in: Acronyms.

Control Console

 

a desk, column, or bench with panels that display information and present controls used by an operator or group of operators to act on objects or processes and their qualitative or quantitative characteristics. A control console is the major unit of the operator’s position and one of the basic means of interaction between man and machine.

A distinction is made between local- and remote-control consoles. The former are placed directly on the controlled object, as in the case of the console of a locomotive or airplane, a machine tool with programmed control, or a transfer line. With remote-control consoles, control is effected at a distance by tele-mechanical means, as is the case with the control center of a power system or that of an unmanned space probe. Information is most frequently displayed on graphic panels, illuminated display boards, different kinds of indicators, and cathode-ray tubes. The controls may be buttons, keys, tumbler switches, levers, or wheels.

Control consoles are classified according to the basic functions performed by the operators. Operating control consoles provide the basis for making decisions and issuing commands, instructions, and so on. Reference-information control panels are used to transmit questions, receive reference information regarding the state of a controlled system or its individual components, and prepare, transmit, and receive symbolic or graphic information. Manual control consoles provide for the immediate input of data in symbolic or graphic form. Production control consoles monitor the workability of technical facilities and communication channels of a control system. Computer control consoles implement direct communication between operators and computers and are used to debug computer programs. Combined control consoles join together the functions listed above in various ways.

Viewed from above, a control console may be rectangular, L-shaped, U-shaped, trapezoidal, or polygonal. The design of consoles must incorporate not only the solutions to technical problems but also the recommendations of biotechnology, engineering psychology, and technical aesthetics. The structure of a control console and the arrangement of its components should provide for the required speed, accuracy, reliability, and operational safety. The control console should be simple and economical to maintain under normal and emergency conditions. It should afford comfortable working conditions and also ensure the rapid development of an operator’s skill during the training period. A control center must therefore satisfy a number of requirements, the most important of which involve sanitary and health conditions: optimal or allowable temperatures, relative humidity, and illumination at the operator’s position. A control center must eliminate noise, vibration, and radiation or restrict them to acceptable levels. It must meet anthropometric and biomechanical specifications, providing the most comfortable working posture and efficient placement of controls. It must be appropriate to the psychophysiological situation, creating the best conditions for perceiving information by taking account of the size, shape, brightness, contrast, color, and spatial arrangement of the facilities for displaying information; it must also help ensure the speed and accuracy of an operator’s reaction to the information obtained. Aesthetic requirements for a control center are met with the help of creative designers.

A console can be combined functionally and sometimes structurally with a traffic-control panel. For many instruments, apparatus, and machines with scientific, industrial, and household uses, the functions of a control console are fulfilled by an information and control panel; examples include the control panel of a television set or radio and the instrument panel of an automobile.

REFERENCES

Inzhenernaia psikhologiia v primenenii k proektirovaniiu oborudovaniia. Moscow, 1971. (Translated from English.)
Zinchenko, V. P., V. M. Munipov, and G. L. Smolian. Ergonomicheskie osnovy organizatsii truda. Moscow, 1974.

V. M. MUNIPOV

References in periodicals archive ?
March 29, 2012 /PRNewswire/ --Arts Centre Melbourne, Australia's largest performing arts centre and the focal point of Melbourne's cultural precinct, has chosen to purchase PRG V676[R] and V476[R] control consoles to meet their lighting control needs.
The Control Console allows the user to completely control and monitor the weld removal process from a safe distance.
The GreCon CC7000 control console is the core of a spark detection system.
Service vessels have two identical control console systems which can be used during normal operations.
CiRBA's Control Console enables organizations to manage and control capacity in virtual and cloud environments by providing current and predicted views of infrastructure requirements according to both policy and utilization requirements.
Consequently, Moscow will now be joining the larger trend of implementing more advanced security camera surveillance technology, like the EAL System 200 Security Camera Control Console, to fight against terrorism.
The new GreCon CC7000 control console is the core of a spark detection system.
It is a stand-alone system with an integral LCD control console, which is said to make it ideal for use in environments which would not be suitable for PC-controlled systems.
CiRBA's new Control Console provides IT organizations with unprecedented control over risk and efficiency in virtual and cloud infrastructure.
The EPIC III line control console is also available.
Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, our ability to obtain financing as the need arises, the overall state of the Internet and e-commerce industries and the data control console industry, economic conditions generally, the financial health of our customers, market acceptance of new product or service introductions by us or our competitors, the timing of expenditures in anticipation of future sales, returns of our data control console products and the timing and nature of revenues from our Internet and e-commerce businesses and data control console product sales that are recognized during any particular quarter.
The added cost of an extra control console would not be necessary if these safeguards were not needed.