lily of the valley

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lily of the valley,

common name for either of the two species of Convallaria, spring-blooming perennials of the family Liliaceae (lilylily,
common name for the Liliaceae, a plant family numbering several thousand species of as many as 300 genera, widely distributed over the earth and particularly abundant in warm temperate and tropical regions.
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 family). C. majalis, the species usually in cultivation, is native to Eurasia; C. montana, a slightly larger plant, grows in the Appalachian Mts. Lilies of the valley live in shady places and have delicate bell-shaped, fragrant white flowers growing on a stalk between two shiny leaves. The plant was long used medicinally for cardiac disorders and contains poisonous substances. It is a symbol of humility in religious painting. Lily of the valley is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Liliales, family Liliaceae.

Lily of the Valley

 

(Convallaria), a genus of plants of the family Liliaceae. There is one species, C. majalis, with several varieties or subspecies, which are sometimes classified as independent species. The lily of the valley is an herbaceous perennial with a horizontal rootstock and two or three oblong-oval, pointed leaves with long petioles. The flower stalk, up to 20 cm tall, has a secund loose raceme of white, fragrant, bell-shaped, drooping flowers; the perianth has six lobes. The fruit is a spherical red berry. Lilies of the valley are widely found in the European USSR, the Caucasus, Eastern Siberia, and the Far East, as well as in Western Europe and North America. They grow profusely in light forests, on forest edges, and in shrub thickets.

The species C. majalis is used as a medicinal plant. Its above-ground parts contain cardiac glycosides (chiefly convallatoxin and convallarin), which intensify the contractile activity of the heart. An infusion of the plant is used, as well as the crystalline glycoside convallotoxin and corglykon, an extract containing all the glycosides of the lily of the valley. It is cultivated as an ornamental, chiefly for forcing, but also in gardens and parks. Cultivated forms of C. majalis are large and multiflowered. Some varieties have pinkish or double flowers, and some have mottled leaves.

O. M. POLETIKO

lily of the valley

of Finland. [Flower Symbolism: WB, 7: 264]

lily of the valley

a small liliaceous plant, Convallaria majalis, of Eurasia and North America cultivated as a garden plant, having two long oval leaves and spikes of white bell-shaped flowers
References in periodicals archive ?
Vorticella convallaria cells were grown in a bacteria-containing medium of boiled wheat grass according to the methods of Vacchiano et al.
In order to further examine the possibility that factors acting on subsequent stages of the life cycle limit recruitment, we transplanted 24 juveniles into one plot per site for one of the species, Convallaria.
To order by debit/credit card call 0844 811 6716 quoting SMP19742 or send a cheque made payable to MGN SMP19742 to: Convallaria Offer (SMP19742), PO Box 64, South West District Office, Manchester, M16 9HY or place your order online at mirrorreaderoffers.
We're offering 25 plants of the white-flowered variety, Convallaria majalis, for pounds 8.
mackayi [236, 258] Ruscaceae Convallaria majalis L.
But be warned, once you've planted convallaria, they can be difficult to get rid of and I have found them invasive in anything other than a woodland scene where other plants will not be fighting for space.
Related Family Members in Book: Asparagus, Aspidistra, Convallaria, Gloriosa, Hemerocallis, Hosta, Hyacinthus, Kniphofia, Lilium, Liriope, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Ruscus, Sandersonia, Tulipa, and Xerophyllum
odorata) plus Convallaria majalis, Linnaea borealis, Epilobium angustifolium, Oxalis acetosella, Primula officinalis, and Trientalis europaea.
BETTING: 9-2 Networker, 5-1 Postmaster, 11-2 Desert Island Miss, 6-1 Bowl of Cherries, 7-1 Convallaria, 8-1 The Bonus King, 10-1 Wodhill Schnaps, 14-1 others.
We're offering a collection of 25 bulbs of the white-flowered lily of the valley, Convallaria majalis, for pounds 9.
Plants that immediately spring to mind include hostas, Crocus tommasinianus, Convallaria majalis (lily of the valley) and two evergreens: Asplenium scolopendrium (heart's tongue fern) and Iris foetidissima.
Schwedleri, Alnus glutinosa, Asparagus officinalis, Berberis thunbergii, Betula nigra, Campanula rapunculoides, Chaenomeles speciosa, Chelidonium majus, Convallaria majalis, Euonymus fortunei, Hesperis matronalis, Iris germanica, Lespedeza bicolor, Lonicera tatarica, Narcissus poeticus, N.