cookie

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cookie

[′ku̇k·ē]
(computer science)
A data file written to a hard drive by some Web sites, contains information the site can use to track such things as passwords, login, registration or identification, user preferences, online shopping cart information, and lists of pages visited.

cookie

(World-Wide Web)

cookie

(protocol)
A handle, transaction ID, or other token of agreement between cooperating programs. "I give him a packet, he gives me back a cookie".

The ticket you get from a dry-cleaning shop is a perfect mundane example of a cookie; the only thing it's useful for is to relate a later transaction to this one (so you get the same clothes back).

Compare magic cookie; see also fortune cookie.

cookie

(security, jargon)
A cracker term for the password list on a multi-user computer.

cookie

(jargon)
An adjective describing a computer that just became toast.

cookie

A small text file (up to 4KB) created by a website that is stored in the user's computer either temporarily for that session only or permanently on the hard disk (persistent cookie). Cookies provide a way for the website to recognize you and keep track of your preferences.

Cookies Are Beneficial
Cookies are commonly used to "maintain the state" of a browser session. For example, users can place items in a shopping cart, switch to another page or even another site, and when they come back, the site recognizes them and the current state of the cart. See state and stateless.

Cookies contain a range of URLs (addresses) for which they are valid. When the Web browser or other HTTP application sends a request to a Web server with those URLs again, it sends along the related cookies. For example, if your user ID and password are stored in a cookie, it saves you from typing in the same information all over again when accessing that service the next time. By retaining user history, cookies allow the website to tailor the pages and create a custom experience for each individual.

Your Cookies Know You
Quite a bit of personal data may reside in the cookie files in your computer. As a result, this storehouse of private information is sometimes the object of attack (see cookie poisoning.)

First-Party Personal Cookies
The default settings in your Web browser typically allow "first-party" cookies, but not "third-party" cookies. First-party cookies are created by the website you are visiting and are necessary to keep track of your personal preferences and the current session as explained above.

Third-Party Tracking Cookies
Third-party cookies are created by a website other than the one you are currently visiting; for example, by a third-party advertiser on that site. The purpose of such cookies is usually to track your surfing habits, which is why third-party cookies are considered an invasion of privacy and riskier than first-party cookies.

Configuring Settings
A Web browser can be configured so that only first-party cookies coming from the originating sites are maintained. It can also be set to prevent all cookies from being stored in your computer, but that severely limits the Web surfing experience. To change settings, look for the cookie options in your browser in the Options or Preferences menu. See Web bug, cookie file, Flash cookie, Evercookie, magic cookie and state.
References in periodicals archive ?
Maryland Cookies includes: Maryland Cookies, Mini Cookies, Micro Cookies, Cookie Bar, Giant Cookies, Cookie Creams.
com/research/c2f008/cookies_and_cookie) has announced the addition of the "Cookies and Cookie Bars in the United States 2008" report to their offering.
We also believe our new Twix White Chocolate Cookie Bars will be a hit, since the white chocolate segment is growing.
Also on the wellness front, Abbott Laboratories has introduced ZonePerfect Cookie Bars, billed as the first soft cookie dough nutrition bars with antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and protein.
Decadent cookie bars are a wonderful addition to dessert buffets because they can be cut into small pieces and guests can taste many different treats.
Contest categories: Four categories include cut-outs, drop cookies, cookie bars and spritz.
The company is planning a national rollout in October of Twix White Chocolate Cookie Bars, a limited-edition item featuring "two crunchy cookie bars covered with smooth caramel and enrobed in creamy white chocolate.
According to Mintel's most recent "Cookies and Cookie Bars -- US" report, U.
Cookie bars are typically larger than cookies and individually wrapped.
Among the newcomers on shelf will be Maryland Cookie Bars and Giant Cookie, both aimed at capitalising on the growing trend for eating on the hoof.
com/reports/c82325) has announced the addition of "Cookies And Cookie Bars In The United States" to their offering.