Mill draws a sharp line between cooperative capitalism, which retains employer-employee relations, and cooperative socialism
, in which such relations are abolished.
imperialism were three-fold: Cooperative Socialism
in Guyana, Democratic Socialism in Jamaica and Revolutionary Socialism in Grenada.
Beginning with the Burnham administration and the predominantly Afro-Guyanese PNC, Jackson follows her thread of "Creole Indigeneity" through the nationalization policies during the era of Cooperative Socialism
by demonstrating how through both economic and cultural means, the government sought to consolidate Guyanese identity as "one people.