Aquino, Corazon

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Aquino, Corazon

(Maria Corazon "Cory" Aquino) (kôr'əzōn`, äkē`nō), 1933–2009, Philippine politician, president of the Philippines (1986–92), b. Maria Corazon Cojuangco. Her husband, Benigno Servillano "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr., 1932–83, was Philippine president Ferdinand MarcosMarcos, Ferdinand Edralin
, 1917–89, Philippine political leader. A lawyer and aide to Manuel Roxas (1946–47), he was elected to congress in 1949, serving in the House of Representatives (1949–59) and Senate (1959–65).
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's chief political opponent. In 1983 he was assassinated by government agents as he returned to the Philippines from exile in the United States. When the accused agents were acquitted, Corazon Aquino declared her candidacy for the presidency. After the election (1986), both sides claimed victory although most agreed that Aquino had won. When Marcos refused to step down, Aquino organized strikes and boycotts, asserting what was dubbed "people power". With the nation on the brink of civil war, Marcos accepted asylum in the United States, and Aquino assumed the presidency, ending Marcos's 20-year regime and becoming the first woman president of the country. Promised changes and improvements largely failed to materialize during Aquino's term in office, which was plagued by economic difficulties and ineffectual leadership, and there were six coup attempts against her. In 1992, she did not run again but supported the successful presidential candidacy of Fidel RamosRamos, Fidel Valdez
, 1928–, Philippine general and politician, president of the Philippines (1992–98), b. Lingayen. A career army officer, he became deputy chief of staff of the armed forces in 1981 and chief of staff in 1986.
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. Benigno Aquino's accused assassins were later retried and convicted (1990) of his murder. The Aquinos' son, Benigno AquinoAquino, Benigno Simeon Cojuangco, 3d,
1960–, Philippine businessman and political leader, son of Benigno Aquino 2d and Corazon Aquino. After earning his college degree in economics (1981), Aquino spent two years in exile with his family, returning in 1983 shortly after his
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 3d, was also elected (2010) president of the Philippines.