Cordeliers

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Cordeliers

(kôrdəlyā`), political club of the French Revolution. Founded (1790) as the Society of the Friends of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, it was called after its original meeting place, the suppressed monastery of the Cordeliers (Franciscan Recollects). It provided a political base for Georges DantonDanton, Georges Jacques
, 1759–94, French statesman, one of the leading figures of the French Revolution. A Parisian lawyer, he became a leader of the Cordeliers early in the Revolution and gained popular favor through his powerful oratory.
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 and Jean Paul MaratMarat, Jean Paul
, 1743–93, French revolutionary, b. Switzerland. He studied medicine in England, acquired some repute as a doctor in London and Paris, and wrote scientific and medical works (some in English), but was frustrated in his attempts to win official recognition
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. In 1792–93, after Danton left the club, it was instrumental in the destruction of the GirondistsGirondists
or Girondins
, political group of moderate republicans in the French Revolution, so called because the central members were deputies of the Gironde dept. Girondist leaders advocated continental war.
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. After Marat's assassination the club was led by Jacques René HébertHébert, Jacques René
, 1757–94, French journalist and revolutionary. An ardent supporter of the French Revolution, he gained the support of the working classes through his virulent paper Le Père Duchesne and was prominent in the Cordeliers.
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 and it drifted to the extreme left. Controlling the Paris commune, the Hébertists seemed a threat to the power of Maximilien RobespierreRobespierre, Maximilien Marie Isidore
, 1758–94, one of the leading figures of the French Revolution. Early Life

A poor youth, he was enabled to study law in Paris through a scholarship.
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, who had them executed during the Reign of TerrorReign of Terror,
1793–94, period of the French Revolution characterized by a wave of executions of presumed enemies of the state. Directed by the Committee of Public Safety, the Revolutionary government's Terror was essentially a war dictatorship, instituted to rule the
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. The club dissolved after Hébert was executed (Mar., 1794).

Cordeliers

 

members of a political club of the period of the Great French Revolution, officially called the Society of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. They became known as Cordeliers because they held their meetings in a former monastery of the Cordeliers (Franciscans) in Paris. The club was founded in July 1790 and was dominated by democrats of a leftist tendency. Its members included J. P. Marat, G. Danton, C. Desmoulins, J. R. Hebert, A. Momoro, and A. Cloots. During the political crisis of the summer of 1791 caused by Louis XVTs flight to Varennes, the Cordeliers headed the republican movement. After the popular uprising of Aug. 10, 1792, they took part in the struggle against the Girondins. The club was the center for the Hébertists (left Jacobins) from late 1793 through 1794. With the crushing of the Hébertists in March 1794 the club’s activity ceased.

References in periodicals archive ?
He did inquire of a young Cordelier, Le Febvre, whether "if someone who felt a temptation to do something like kill a king confessed it to the penitential, the priest would be obliged to reveal it," but he put the question as a hypothetical proposition?
Not all Hebertistes were members of the Cordelier club, and many, as he states in his biographies, were members of the Jacobins, who were their supposed enemies at the time.
I was prosecuted for a novel by the French author Jeanne Cordelier before the AKP rule," he said.
Cordelier Billingsley, the daughter of Jimmie Lee Jackson, also expressed disappointment: "This is supposed to be closure, but there will never be closure" (Morgan, Dec.
They're playing the Summer Pops Festival Indie Weekender at the 02 Academy on July 19, alongside King Creosote, Bens Brother, Cordelier Club, Steve Appleton and Glasslights.
In ceramics, there is a pair of extremely rare Svres giltbronze-mounted biscuit vases (Vases Cordelier Ornaments), from around 1788.
24) There may have been some local prejudice due to the fact that be was also a member of the Observant Franciscan, or Cordelier, order.
The two French workers were previously freed -- Celine Cordelier on April 28 and Eric Damfreville on May 11 -- apparently in a bid to encourage newly elected French President Nicolas Sarkozy to withdraw the troops.
There is a further poem, inspired by Les Erreurs, in which a povre amant seeks refuge in the Church, L'Amant rendu cordelier a l'observance d'amours, and a final Confession et testament de l'amant trespasse de deuil.
The film Place des Cordeliers a Lyon captures the progress of a double-decked, horse-drawn tram through one of the grand squares of Lyon.
Originally, the oldest church in Beaune, Eglise des Cordeliers, occupied the structure.
Eric Sampietro of La Table des Cordeliers will offer a 5-course tasting menu for $110 per person (does not include wine, tax or gratuity) Friday, February 19 - Sunday, February 21 at Adour Alain Ducasse (212-710-2277);