Hull, Cordell

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Hull, Cordell

(kôrdĕl`), 1871–1955, American statesman, b. Overton co. (now Pickett co.), Tenn. Admitted to the bar in 1891, he sat (1893–97) in the Tennessee legislature and, after service in the Spanish-American War, was appointed (1903) circuit court judge. He served (1907–21, 1923–31) in the U.S. House of Representatives, where he was the author of important tax legislation. He was elected (1930) to the U.S. Senate, but resigned (1933) when Franklin Delano Roosevelt named him Secretary of State. Hull placed great emphasis on international economic relations. Through his efforts, pacts were signed with several nations under the Reciprocal Agreements Act (1934), and he fostered the "good neighbor" policy toward Latin American countries. After World War II broke out in Europe he pushed for aid to the Allies and recommended revision of the Neutrality Act. After U.S. entry into the war, he worked to improve cooperation among the Allies, visiting Moscow in 1943, and backed the establishment of a world organization to maintain peace. Ill health caused his resignation as Secretary of State in 1944. He was awarded the 1945 Nobel Peace Prize.

Bibliography

See his autobiography (1948); biography by J. W. Pratt (2 vol., 1964).

Hull, Cordell

(1871–1955) political leader, statesman; born in Overton County, Tenn. A Tennessee legislator and judge, Democratic national committee chairman, U.S. representative (1907–31) and senator (1931–33), he became the longest-termed secretary of state ever under President Franklin Roosevelt (1933–44). A strong advocate of free trade and of the "Good Neighbor" policy with South America during the 1930s, he early advocated strong support for the Allies, attended most of the great wartime conferences, and promoted international cooperation and the UN, for which he received the Nobel Peace Prize (1944).
References in periodicals archive ?
After his return from Tehran, President Roosevelt sent a memorandum to Secretary of State Cordell Hull (February 21, 1944) in which he said: "I do not want the United States to have the post-war burden of reconstituting France, Italy and the Balkans" which was followed on April 30 by another memorandum that stated: "This government is of the opinion that the southern zone and Austria should be occupied by British Forces.
Secretary of State Cordell Hull spoke about the need for the military option to be available: "Any security organization would surely fail unless backed by force to be used ultimately in case of failure of all other means.
Cordell Hull always favored free trade, but his reasons for favoring free trade shifted during the course of his career.
FDR once asked Jackson to settle a dispute over foreign financial policy between Secretary of State Cordell Hull and Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau.
Chilling words: "If goods do not pass frontiers, armies will," said Cordell Hull, the former US Secretary of State widely recorded as the father of modern multinational free trade.
ON JUNE 26, 1945, in San Francisco, the United Nations was born, and former Secretary of State Cordell Hull won the Nobel Prize for his efforts in creating the institution.
First, as Secretary of State, Cordell Hull maintained an artificial distinction between military and political affairs.
Secretary of State Cordell Hull three days after it was written as the document contained the date ''25/9/41'' in the margin.
Cordell Hull is a white flower, striped and feathered red, and San Marino has similar red feathers, but on a yellow background.
For years he ignored the evidence that Breckenridge Long, the assistant secretary of state to Cordell Hull, was exhorting the American Embassies around the world to ``stall and stall and stall until no one gets in,'' the result of which was that not even 50 percent of the pitifully low legal immigrant limits were not met in any year, while millions begged for the chance to save their skins.
Planners for the event included the Tennessee Human Rights Commission, Metro Nashville Human Relations Commission, United Nations Association Nashville Cordell Hull Chapter and others.
Professor Alexander is also the President of the United Nations Association, Nashville Cordell Hull Chapter-the oldest UN-affiliated organization in the world, formed two weeks before the UN Charter was signed in San Francisco in 1945.