Hull, Cordell

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Hull, Cordell

(kôrdĕl`), 1871–1955, American statesman, b. Overton co. (now Pickett co.), Tenn. Admitted to the bar in 1891, he sat (1893–97) in the Tennessee legislature and, after service in the Spanish-American War, was appointed (1903) circuit court judge. He served (1907–21, 1923–31) in the U.S. House of Representatives, where he was the author of important tax legislation. He was elected (1930) to the U.S. Senate, but resigned (1933) when Franklin Delano Roosevelt named him Secretary of State. Hull placed great emphasis on international economic relations. Through his efforts, pacts were signed with several nations under the Reciprocal Agreements Act (1934), and he fostered the "good neighbor" policy toward Latin American countries. After World War II broke out in Europe he pushed for aid to the Allies and recommended revision of the Neutrality Act. After U.S. entry into the war, he worked to improve cooperation among the Allies, visiting Moscow in 1943, and backed the establishment of a world organization to maintain peace. Ill health caused his resignation as Secretary of State in 1944. He was awarded the 1945 Nobel Peace Prize.

Bibliography

See his autobiography (1948); biography by J. W. Pratt (2 vol., 1964).

Hull, Cordell

(1871–1955) political leader, statesman; born in Overton County, Tenn. A Tennessee legislator and judge, Democratic national committee chairman, U.S. representative (1907–31) and senator (1931–33), he became the longest-termed secretary of state ever under President Franklin Roosevelt (1933–44). A strong advocate of free trade and of the "Good Neighbor" policy with South America during the 1930s, he early advocated strong support for the Allies, attended most of the great wartime conferences, and promoted international cooperation and the UN, for which he received the Nobel Peace Prize (1944).
References in periodicals archive ?
La primera accion que ordeno Cordell Hull el 22 de julio fue la repatriacion inmediata de los ciudadanos estadounidenses.
The first was US Secretary of State Cordell Hull who got it in 1945 for his role in fostering the United Nations.
He did have his Secretary of State Cordell Hull negotiate reductions in tariffs after the disastrous protectionist policies of the Herbert Hoover years; he did enact banking reform and establish the Securities and Exchange Commission, which brought some degree of stability to financial markets.
His visionary Secretary of State Cordell Hull negotiated a number of bilateral trade agreements to lower tariffs under the Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act passed by Congress in 1934.
Thus, there is no reference either to the endless efforts of President Roosevelt and Secretary of State Cordell Hull to keep the Japanese talking until they could see that Germany might well lose the war, or to the last-minute offer to sell Japan all the oil they needed if they would only get out of southern Indochina.
Este ultimo destaco por su decidido alineamiento con la causa republicana asi como por su declarado antifranquismo, mientras que el Departamento de Estado con Cordell Hull al frente del mismo y como subsecretario a Sumner Welles, estaban a favor de no tomar partido en el conflicto.
There are the Laureates that, in the West, remain household names: Albert Schweitzer, Cordell Hull, Ralph Bunche, the Dalai Lama, Nelson Mandela, Elie Wiesel (who might also have been shortlisted for the Nobel in Literature), Mother Teresa, and Al Gore.
Elsewhere we will be planting one of my favourite tulip varieties, Cordell Hull, which has red and white flowers, which should make a good show next year.
Secretary of State, Cordell Hull, pushed the idea of creating an international organization, open to all peace-loving nations, to work for world peace and security.
The most famous presidential leak was on the eve of Pearl Harbor, when President Franklin Roosevelt knew that the official Japanese "peace" delegation with whom he and Secretary of State Cordell Hull were dealing was a sham.