Cornaceae


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Cornaceae

[kȯr′nās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Cornales characterized by perfect or unisexual flowers, a single ovule in each locule, as many stamens as petals, and opposite leaves.
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cornelian cherry

cornelian cherry

Edible dogwood tree fruit, look like cranberries with lots of medicinal health qualities. Look out goji berry! Used in Europe as sauce for pastry filling and even wine. Let sit in bowl for few days, they turn to cranberry mush that tastes very delectable. It helps hold in fluids, making it useful for excessive urination, incontinence, excessive sweating, menstrual bleeding. Also good for sore backs, bronchitis, dizziness, lightheadedness,overworked, burnout.

Cornaceae

 

(dogwood), a family of dicotyledonous plants. They are evergreen or deciduous trees and shrubs; they are rarely rhizomatous subshrubs. The leaves are simple, opposite or alternate, and usually exstipulate. The small regular flowers, which are generally tetramerous and bisexual, are gathered in clusters. The fruits are drupes or baccate. There are approximately 15 genera, with 110 species, distributed primarily in the temperate and subtropical regions of the northern hemisphere; they are also found in the arctic, southern Africa, Madagascar, New Zealand, the Fiji Islands, Brazil, and Chile. In the USSR there are three or four genera (13 species), including species of Aucuba and Cornus (such as bloodtwig dogwood). Several species of the family Cornaceae have valuable wood, which is used in the manufacture of small articles.

REFERENCE

Poiarkova, A. I. KizilovyeCornaceae Link. In Flora SSSR, vol. 17. Moscow-Leningrad. 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, some pollen characters of Cornaceae was investigated by Erdtman (1952), Chao (1954), Moore et al.
Comparative Pollen Morphology of The Cornaceae and Allies, Taiwania 5: 93-106.
1% de la riqueza a nivel de familia en Colombia: Adoxaceae, Berberidaceae, Betulaceae, Brunelliaceae, Calceolariaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Clethraceae, Columelliaceae, Coriariaceae, Cornaceae, Cunoniaceae, Elatinaceae, Escalloniaceae, Fagaceae, Geraniaceae, Grossulariaceae, Gunneraceae, Haloragaceae, Juglandaceae, Juncaceae, Juncaginaceae, Myricaceae, Papaveraceae, Phrymaceae, Potamogetonaceae, Tofieldiaceae, Tropaeolaceae, Winteraceae y Xanthorrhoeaceae.
Asterid 2: Apiaceae, Aquifoliaceae, Araliaceae, Asteraceae, Campanulaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Cornaceae (Corokia), Cornaceae (Griselinia), Cornaceae (Helwingia), Dipsacaceae, Menyanthaceae, Pittosporaceae, Valerianaceae.
The only families in which Bierhorst and Zamora note some tracheids (along with vessel elements with scalariform perforation plates) in metaxylem are Aquifoliaceae (Ilex), Buxaceae (Pachysandra), Caprifoliaceae (Weigela), Cornaceae (Comus), Cunoniaceae (Spiraeanthemum), and Ericaceae (Gaultheria).
Family Scientific Name Caesalpiniaceae Cercis canadenses Cornaceae Cornus amomum Cornaceae Cornus florida Cornaceae Cornus racemosa Cornaceae Nyssa sylvatica Fagaceae Quercus alba Fagaceae Quercus imbricaria Fagaceae Quercus macrocarpa Fagaceae Quercus michauxii Fagaceae Quercus palustres Hamamelidaceae Liquidambar styraciflua Juglandaceae Carya illinoinensis Juglandaceae Juglans nigra Lauraceae Lindera benzoin Oleaceae Fraxinus pennsylvanica Plantanaceae Plantanus occidentales Rosaceae Crataegus phaenopyruin Rosaceae Physocarpus opulifoius Rubiaceae Cephalanthus occidentales Family Common Name Inds.
The Cornales is a well supported and well studied group, however, different authors treat the families Cornaceae, Nyssaceae and Mastixiaceae differently.
Gunneraceae near Vitaceae, Haloragaceae, and Cornaceae within the
Table 1 Affinities of Gannera proposed or implied by various authors Proposed Source(s) affinity Haloragaceae/ Bentham & Hooker, 1865; de Candolle, 1868; Haloragales Engler & Prand (Peterson, 1893); Schindler, 1905; Hutchinson, 1973; Cronquist, 1981; Heywood, 1993 Urticales Jussieu, 1789; Battling, 1830; Endlicher, 1837 Arialaceae Lindley, 1846 Umbellales Gibbs, 1974 Onagraceae Gray, 1854; Gibbs, 1974; Doyle & Scogin, 1988a, 1988b Vitaceae Behnke, 1981; Thorne, 1992 Cornaceae Thorne, 1992 Connaraceae Behnke,1986 Eucryphiaceae Behnke,1986 Balanophoraceae Hooker, 1856; Hansen, 1980; Mabberley, 1993 Saxifragaceae Huber, 1963; Takhtajan, 1980, 1983; Dahlgren, 1983; Doyle & Scogin, 1988a, 1988b Hamamelidaceae Chase et al.
In my earlier review of dogwoods, I presented arguments against the recognition of Nyssaceae as a distinct family from Cornaceae (Eyde, 1988).
Caprifoliaceae (Hegelmaier, 1886; Periasamy, 1962a, 1966, 1990; Dahlgren, 1991) Cornaceae (Tamamshjan, 1951; pers.
Lee and Fairbrothers (1978), combining multifarious data with serological information, go so far as to suggest that the Rubiaceae is more closely related to the Cornaceae and Nyssaceae than to the Gentianales and Dipsacales.