Codreanu, Corneliu Zelea

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Codreanu, Corneliu Zelea

(kŏrnĕ`lyo͞o zĕl`yä kôdrĕä`no͞o), 1899–1938, Romanian political leader and anti-Semitic terrorist. Active in the Romanian student movement against leftists and liberals, he founded (1927) and led the militant, fascist Iron GuardIron Guard,
Romanian nationalistic, anti-Semitic, and antiparliamentary group, founded in 1924 by Corneliu Zelea Codreanu. Originally named the Legion of the Archangel Michael, it was organized on military lines and operated through terrorism.
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 until his conviction for treason in 1938. He shot and killed the prefect of Iaşi in 1924 and instigated the murder of Premier Ion Duca in 1933. Both times he was acquitted. Shortly after his imprisonment in 1938, he and 13 of his followers were killed, allegedly while trying to escape.
References in periodicals archive ?
The leader of the legionary movement, since its establishment and until his death in 1938, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu expressed, throughout the '30s, his disapproval regarding actions taken by Carol II or the actions taken by his relatives.
But I faced a new surprise the following week, when, on the same TV program, the hostess was rather passive towards her guest, a militant journalist turned mercenary journalist, as he confessed his admiration for Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, the "Captain" of the Iron Guard, the far-right Orthodox terrorist organization of the pre-war years.
Influenced by events that took place less than three weeks before the royal party establishment--the assassination of the leader of the legionary movement, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu and 13 other prominent members of this group--many representatives of the Iron Guard filed statements of adherence to the National Renaissance Front.