Cornell, Ezra

Cornell, Ezra,

1807–74, American financier and founder of Cornell Univ.Cornell University,
mainly at Ithaca, N.Y.; with land-grant, state, and private support; coeducational; chartered 1865, opened 1868. It was named for Ezra Cornell, who donated $500,000 and a tract of land. With the help of state senator Andrew D.
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, b. Westchester Landing, N.Y. Cornell, who began life as a laborer, was of an ingenious mechanical bent and had a shrewd business mind. He aided in constructing (1844) the telegraph line between Baltimore and Washington, D.C., over which Samuel F. B. MorseMorse, Samuel Finley Breese,
1791–1872, American inventor and artist, b. Charlestown, Mass., grad. Yale, 1810. He studied painting in England under Washington Allston and achieved some success.
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 sent the first test message. Having devised the method of stringing wires on poles, he entered into line construction in the East and the Midwest. He was founder, director, and for a time the largest stockholder of the Western Union Telegraph CompanyWestern Union Telegraph Company,
enterprise created (1851) to provide telegraphic communications services in the United States. Originally known as the New York and Mississippi Valley Printing Telegraph Company, Western Union (as it was renamed in 1856 after a series of
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, which was formed in 1855 to end cutthroat competition in the field. His interest in agricultural education led to his association in the New York senate with Andrew Dickson WhiteWhite, Andrew Dickson,
1832–1918, American educator and diplomat, b. Homer, N.Y., briefly attended Geneva (now Hobart) College, grad. Yale, 1853. He studied in France and Germany, served (1854–55) as attaché in St. Petersburg, and toured Europe.
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, and together they mapped and secured legislation for founding (1865) Cornell, with a charter embracing many of Cornell's ideas. He made many gifts to the university, including an initial $500,000, and was responsible for the successful financial returns on the university's federal land grant.

Bibliography

See biographies by his son, Alonzo Cornell (1884), and P. Dorf (1952, abr. ed. 1965).

Cornell, Ezra

(1807–74) capitalist, philanthropist; born at Westchester Landing, N.Y. Originally a carpenter and millwright, he developed a way to insulate telegraph wires attached to wooden poles, then directed the installation of the first telegraph line, from Washington to Baltimore (1844). He joined with other businessmen to form the Western Union Telegraph Company (1855). He built the public library in Ithaca, N.Y., established a model farm, and gave $500,000 for the creation of Cornell University (opened in 1868).
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