corporatism

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Related to Corporativism: State corporatism

corporatism

  1. as in Spain under Franco and more generally in association with FASCISM, the state control of major ‘corporations’ (e.g. labour organizations), with the aim of removing or suppressing social conflict, fostering nationalism, etc.
  2. relations between government and key interest groups (see PRESSURE GROUPS), especially big business and TRADE UNIONS, involving:
  1. intermediation – bodies standing between the state and the individual citizen negotiate agreements with the government on behalf of their members (e.g. agreements on wages and prices);
  2. incorporation – the possession of a special status by these organizations (e.g. in the UK the CBI or the TUC), so that, in some respects, they become virtual extensions of government, what Middlemas, Politics in an Industrial Society, (1979) calls ‘governing institutions’. The UK is often regarded as having moved in a corporatist direction in this second sense in the period 1960 to 1979, a tendency which was reversed with the election of the Thatcher government in 1979. Modern Austria is some times advanced as a more fully developed example of corporatism in sense 2 , characterized by features lacking in the UK, including wide social agreement on the value of social partnership, compulsory membership of trade unions and employers organizations, and effective cooperation between capital and labour.
In a more general sense, ‘intermediate organizations’, and thus ‘corporatist’ social structures, were advanced as a solution to modern social ills by DURKHEIM. Corporatism is often regarded as one of the ways in which governments intervene to manage ADVANCED CAPITALISM. However, in the UK and elsewhere corporatism has been undermined by crises of accumulation and a reversal of consensus politics.

See FISCAL CRISIS IN THE CAPITALIST STATE, HABERMAS; see also SECTORAL CLEAVAGES.

References in periodicals archive ?
He institutes popular reforms, including some that smack of fascism: Strikes are outlawed, but labor is compensated by representation in a government-management-labor syndicate that eerily foreshadows Mussolini's Italian corporativism.
The colonies created new markets; corporativism consolidated and strengthened Italian industrial output, while autarchy guaranteed its demand; and the politically-aligned mass media (in particular the radio and the press) heavily promoted Fascist Italy's products to its many consumers.
For example, there is the biotechnopia often promoted by enthusiasts of the new technologies and typified by Wired, which combines with-it theories of complexity and free-market corporativism in a "digital revolution.
The market not only stimulated corporativism but also re-invigorated individualism and concern with the |inner light'.
However, the (admittedly vague) constitutional structure which the Stauffenberg brothers favoured for a post-Nazi Reirh was a form of corporativism in which the officer corps of the German army would fulfil a significant leadership position.
In 1990, workers walked out against corporativism and charrismo (corrupt labor bossism) at the Ford engine assembly plant, at the nation's largest brewery, and at other major workplaces.
But to assert that syndicalism and socialism, with corporativism as a possible third phase, encompass the conceptual territory hardly does justice to the subject.
Also we analyze the meaning that Fidel Velazquez's death, main union leader of the labor corporativism, had for the CTM.
192) That meant replacing "corporatism" with "nationalism," dropping "the all-embracing corporativism of the NIRA" and pursuing instead the kind of structural reforms he had favored with the Securities Acts of 1933 and 1934.
In doing so, Althusius referred to the ancient Jewish covenant, the Aristotelian mixed policy, and the Germanic tradition of guild corporativism as his main sources.
We approach the historical conditions in which corporativism in Mexico arose; its efforts through the years to cope with the different scenarios where the PRI's hegemony has dwindled, even now when the president of this country stems from a different party.