Corydalis


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Corydalis

 

a genus of plants of the family Fumariaceae. The plants are herbaceous perennials (often with a subterranean tuber) or, less commonly, biennials or annuals. The alternate leaves are mostly twice-or thrice-ternate. The irregular, spurred flowers are whitish, yellow, violet, or purple; they are gathered in racemes. The fruit is an elongate two-valved capsule.

There are about 300 species, distributed mostly in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere. One species occurs in the mountains of tropical Africa. The USSR has about 70 species, mainly in Siberia and the mountains of Middle Asia. C. solida (formerly C. halleri) grows in the European USSR in sparse broadleaf and mixed forests and in shrubbery thickets; C. cava and C. marschalliana are found in shady broadleaf forests. The tubers contain alkaloids, including bulbocapnine and isocory-dine. The plants yield a substantial amount of nectar. Many species are cultivated as ornamentals.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Corydalis cheilanthifolia, which differs from the others in that it is evergreen ( so no vanishing trick ( and will tolerate full sun, but likes rich soil.
Corydalis cheilanthifolia, which differs from the others in that it is evergreen - so no vanishing trick - and will tolerate full sun, but likes rich soil.
Corydalis extract is effective in both acute and chronic stages of inflammation and mechanisms for this activity have been studied.
A traditional Chinese medicine formulation consisting of Rhizoma Corydalis and Rhizoma Curcumae exerts synergistic anti-tumor activity.
Alkaloids 5, 6, 9-12, 14 and 19-26 were isolated from Corydalis cava L.
Keywords: DA-9701; Pharbitis Semen; Corydalis Tuber; Prokinetics; Functional dyspepsia
The chloroform:methanol (1:1) extracts of a number of the plant species namely Corydalis solida (L.
Some alkylpyridinium polymers from Reniera sarai, dehydroevodiamine from Evodia rutaecarpa, and protopine from Corydalis ternata have been reported to be AChE inhibitors (Sepeic et al.
More importantly, the agricultural area and production volume of eucommia, gastrodia elata, roots of aconitum carmichaeli, chuanxiong, cortex phellodendri and rhizoma corydalis in Hanzhong accounted for over 50% of the total production volume across China, reflecting its increasing influence in the Chinese herbal medicine market in China.
II Sporadic species: Calamagrostis dubium 11(1); Cicerbita seravshanica 11; Corydalis kashgarica 16; Cystopteris fragilis 8; Epilobium hirsutum 15(1); Gentianopsis vvedensky 17; Impatiens parviflora 8; Inula macrolepis 17(1); Juncus articulatus 15; Reseda lutea 9; Rubus caesius c 11; Schoenus nigricans 13(1).
Cameron recommends bellflower, corydalis and big root geraniums, but check with your local nursery to determine the best choices for your area.