Cosimo de' Medici

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Medici, Cosimo de'

(kô`zēmō dā mĕ`dĭchē, Ital. mā`dēchē), 1389–1464, Italian merchant prince, first of the MediciMedici
, Italian family that directed the destinies of Florence from the 15th cent. until 1737. Of obscure origin, they rose to immense wealth as merchants and bankers, became affiliated through marriage with the major houses of Europe, and, besides acquiring (1569) the title
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 family to rule Florence. He is often called Cosimo the Elder. After the death of his father, Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici, Cosimo and his family were banished (1433) from Florence by a faction headed by the powerful Albizzi family. He returned a year later and, supported by the people, soon became the acknowledged leading citizen of the republic. An able financier, he vastly expanded the family's banking business. In spite of his lavish expenses for the state, for charities, and for the arts and learning, he doubled his fortune. He respected the republican institutions of the city, always sought popular support, and made his power as little felt as possible. Guiding Florentine foreign policy, he sought a balance of power among the Italian states. From the traditional alliance with Venice against Milan, he shifted to an alliance with the SforzaSforza
, Italian family that ruled the duchy of Milan from 1450 to 1535. Rising from peasant origins, the Sforzas became condottieri and used this military position to become rulers in Milan. The family governed by force, ruse, and power politics.
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 family, helping the Sforzas to gain control over Milan. Cosimo's claim to greatness, however, rests chiefly on his generosity toward artists and scholars. He founded the famous Medici Library and an academy for Greek studies (headed by Marsilio FicinoFicino, Marsilio
, 1433–99, Italian philosopher. Under the patronage of Cosimo de' Medici, Ficino became the most influential exponent of Platonism in Italy in the 15th cent.
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), built extensively in Florence, and protected such artists as Brunnelleschi, Donatello, Ghiberti, and Luca della Robbia. After his death Florence voted him the official title Pater Patriae. His son, Piero de' Medici, known as Il Gottoso [the gouty], succeeded as head of the family.


See biographies by K. D. Vernon (1899, repr. 1970) and K. S. Gutkind (1939).

Cosimo de' Medici:

see Medici, Cosimo de'Medici, Cosimo de'
, 1389–1464, Italian merchant prince, first of the Medici family to rule Florence. He is often called Cosimo the Elder. After the death of his father, Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici, Cosimo and his family were banished (1433) from Florence by a faction
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References in periodicals archive ?
Cosimo I de' Medici as collector; antiquities and archaeology in sixteenth-century Florence.
The subject is thought to be Cosimo I de Medici, Duke of Florence and Grand Duke of Tuscany, painted by renaissance master Maso da San Friano around 1560.
Here we are concerned with Florence under Cosimo I (1537-1574), the role of the Accademia Fiorentina and four writers (Tullia d' Aragona, Antonfrancesco Grazzini, Alfonso de' Pazzi and Girolamo Amelonghi) who complained, postured or 'transgressed the boundaries of cultural acceptability'.
Florentine musicians were drawn more to Petrarch than to Dante; among them was Matteo Rampollini, who had written madrigals for the wedding of Cosimo I de' Medici in 1539.
Although Cosimo I never persuaded Michelangelo to return to Florence, the Grand Duke did avail himself of the talents of the city's other most-gifted sons--particularly Jacopo Pontormo, Agnolo Bronzino, Francesco Salviati, and Giorgio Vasari.
Cosimo I de' Medici and His Self-Presentation in Florentine Art and Culture.
Medici Women: Portraits of Power, Love, and Betrayal from the Court of Duke Cosimo I, by Gabrielle Langdon.
Medici women; portraits of power, love, and betrayal from the court of Duke Cosimo I.
In 1561 Cosimo I de' Medici finds it necessary to establish the Holy Military Order of the Knights of St.
Gabrielle Langdon reads female portraiture as a pictorial strategy inseparable from other propagandistic programs of the sixteenth-century Florentine court of Duke Cosimo I and his wife, Eleonora di Toledo.
Cosimo I de' Medici and his self-representation in Florentine art and culture.