Cosimo de' Medici

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Medici, Cosimo de'

(kô`zēmō dā mĕ`dĭchē, Ital. mā`dēchē), 1389–1464, Italian merchant prince, first of the MediciMedici
, Italian family that directed the destinies of Florence from the 15th cent. until 1737. Of obscure origin, they rose to immense wealth as merchants and bankers, became affiliated through marriage with the major houses of Europe, and, besides acquiring (1569) the title
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 family to rule Florence. He is often called Cosimo the Elder. After the death of his father, Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici, Cosimo and his family were banished (1433) from Florence by a faction headed by the powerful Albizzi family. He returned a year later and, supported by the people, soon became the acknowledged leading citizen of the republic. An able financier, he vastly expanded the family's banking business. In spite of his lavish expenses for the state, for charities, and for the arts and learning, he doubled his fortune. He respected the republican institutions of the city, always sought popular support, and made his power as little felt as possible. Guiding Florentine foreign policy, he sought a balance of power among the Italian states. From the traditional alliance with Venice against Milan, he shifted to an alliance with the SforzaSforza
, Italian family that ruled the duchy of Milan from 1450 to 1535. Rising from peasant origins, the Sforzas became condottieri and used this military position to become rulers in Milan. The family governed by force, ruse, and power politics.
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 family, helping the Sforzas to gain control over Milan. Cosimo's claim to greatness, however, rests chiefly on his generosity toward artists and scholars. He founded the famous Medici Library and an academy for Greek studies (headed by Marsilio FicinoFicino, Marsilio
, 1433–99, Italian philosopher. Under the patronage of Cosimo de' Medici, Ficino became the most influential exponent of Platonism in Italy in the 15th cent.
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), built extensively in Florence, and protected such artists as Brunnelleschi, Donatello, Ghiberti, and Luca della Robbia. After his death Florence voted him the official title Pater Patriae. His son, Piero de' Medici, known as Il Gottoso [the gouty], succeeded as head of the family.

Bibliography

See biographies by K. D. Vernon (1899, repr. 1970) and K. S. Gutkind (1939).


Cosimo de' Medici:

see Medici, Cosimo de'Medici, Cosimo de'
, 1389–1464, Italian merchant prince, first of the Medici family to rule Florence. He is often called Cosimo the Elder. After the death of his father, Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici, Cosimo and his family were banished (1433) from Florence by a faction
..... Click the link for more information.
.
References in periodicals archive ?
And although he was a good way behind the winner, Cosimo De Medici meets him on much better terms this time.
Cosimo de Medici resolved the dilemma that did Godric in: He balanced prosperity in business with charity and philanthropy.
Campaigned mostly over middle distances in 2010, Cosimo De Medici got his chance over two miles at Goodwood in May of last year and made no mistake with a neck victory.
Cosimo de Medici as painted by Benozzo Gozzoli - a detail from a work in the Medici Palace chapel in Florence
NEWSBOY'S TRIO 1 COSIMO DE MEDICI 2 VEILED 3 AL KHAWANEEJ COSIMO DE MEDICI progressed at marathon distances last year and could find this test right up his street.
Hughie Morrison, trainer of Cosimo De Medici "This has always been his earlyseason target.
He reopposes cosimo de Medici on four pounds better terms which should be enough for him to return to winning ways.
Another big danger, Keys (24) is not drawn well, nor is Cosimo De Medici (33), while Phoenix Flight, not far adrift at Ascot, is in 31.
COSIMO DE MEDICI, one of the ante-post gambles for the Betfred Cesarewitch at Newmarket on Saturday, needs to step up another level if he is to follow up his trial win last month, according to connections.
The following Saturday his stable companion Cosimo De Medici is due to return to Newmarket for the Betfred Cesarewitch, having landed his third win of the year in the trial there on Saturday.
I thought the winner of the Cesarewitch Trial, Cosimo De Medici, looked pretty good but there were a few non-runners.
Havlin in the spotlight Also in double form was Robert Havlin, who was dreaming of the Betfred Cesarewitch after landing the rehearsal for next month's Rowley Mile marathon on Cosimo De Medici for Hughie Morrison Usually a bit player, Havlin showed he could mix it on centre stage when his mount powered out of the Dip to master Dark Ranger by a length.