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SARSAT (search and rescue satellite-aided tracking)

SARSAT (search and rescue satellite-aided tracking)click for a larger image
A system of satellites operated by Canada, France, and the United States for search and rescue purposes. The system, along with the equivalent system COSPAS of the former Soviet Union, monitors distress signals from ships and aircraft. The ship or aircraft in distress must transmit the distress signal on one of the two fixed frequencies. The system uses NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) satellites in low-earth and geostationary orbits to detect and locate aviators, mariners, and land-based users in distress. The satellites relay distress signals from emergency beacons to ground stations and ultimately to the U.S. mission control center in Southland, Maryland. The USMCC (United States Mission Control Center) processes the data and alerts the appropriate search and rescue (S and R) authorities. SARSAT is a part of COSPAS-SARSAT.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ARTEX ELT 4000 has received Cospas-Sarsat and FAA TSO certification and production units are now shipping.
Other areas where both nations could potentially collaborate include help with satellite based search and rescue missions - whether for missing fishermen or for maritime security - under the ambit of the COSPAS-SARSAT agreement, said Dr P.
Additionally, as an expert provider of Cospas-Sarsat technology, McMurdo will seamlessly connect the Kenyan RCC to the Italian Mission Control Center (MCC), which will allow the RCC to receive beacon distress alert data.
The RCTM discovered that Cospas-Sarsat 406MHz beacons with integral GPS receivers suffered from poor cold start performance, causing delays in providing accurate location information to Search and Rescue (SAR) authorities.
gov/content/goes-r-saves-lives-search-and-rescue-satellite-aided-tracking-system-0) Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking (SARSAT) System, one of the components of COSPAS-SARSAT that helps detecting and locating "mariners, aviators, and other recreational users in distress almost anywhere in the world at anytime and in almost any condition.
Currently, there are several advanced devices available in the market such as 406 MHz frequency transmitters, which offer accurate information, maximize search and rescue resource management, and provide real-time emergency tracking and response through the use of a network of satellites known as Cospas-Sarsat system.
5 MHz international air distress frequency as well as Cospas-Sarsat alerts at 406 MHz.
A good example is COSPAS-SARSAT, an international search and rescue program established by Canada, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States in 1979.
Cyprus is proud to host one of the three Galileo ground stations known as MEOLUTS (Medium Earth Orbiting Local User Terminals) that will support the implementation of the COSPAS-SARSAT System for search and rescue, the minister said.
Lett, head of the secretariat of the International Cospas-Sarsat Program, a Montreal-based emergency-response system.
These two satellite-capable EPIBBS are satellite distress beacons designed to operate in conjunction with the Cospas-Sarsat international satellite search and rescue system.
Addressing the 27th International Meeting of the Joint Committee of COSPAS-SARSAT, that takes place in Limassol, the Minister said that this annual event has come to be recognized as a key forum for addressing the major issues in the field of Search and Rescue.