Cotinus


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Cotinus

 

(smoke tree), a genus of deciduous shrub (2–5 m tall) and small trees (up to 12 m tall) of the family Anacardia-ceae. The gray leaves are simple, alternate, and entire. The tiny yellowish white or greenish flowers are bisexual and staminate. The loose terminal panicles contain many underdeveloped flowers on long flower stalks, covered wih long, spreading reddish or greenish hairs. In the fall the flower stalks grow bushy and give the plant an ornamental appearance.

There are two species: Cotinus americanus, which grows in North America, and C. coggigria, which grows in southern Europe, southern Asia (from Asia Minor to China), and the USSR (the Caucasus and south of the European section). C. coggigria is found among shrubs on dry, often stony and chalky slopes and in pine and oak forests. It is cultivated as an ornamental and for the tannins and related products in the leaves, which are used in the chemical and textile industries. The leaves are used for tanning leather. The greenish yellow wood of the shrubs is used to make various articles. The plants yield the dye fisetin, which is used to dye wool, silk, wood, and leather yellow and orange.

T. G. LEONOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
At the back of the bed a Cotinus 'Grace' has done the opposite of the cotinus I've just taken out.
Cotinus will grow in any fairly fertile, moist and well-drained soil.
To show it off it needs subtle companions - tall molinia, Cotinus 'Grace' or the grey leaves of elaeagnus 'Quicksilver'.
The presence of purple-leaved cotinus, sambucus and vitis seem not to detract from the sizzling colour scheme.
Next to cotinus coggyria royal purple, it looks stunning.
They've made fine plants and can be hidden in the undergrowth or stood on upturned pots for extra height so their glamorous flos wers can be seen rising from clumps of other vividly coloured flowers or mingling with the bronze foliage of cotinus or cannas.
TO DO LIST | For autumn colour next year plant three of the best: amelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus), cotinus coggygria (smoke tree), and ccer palmatum senkaki.
Use the upright columnar juniperus chinensis Pyramidalis with its prickly glaucous leaves in combination with the purple-leaved smoke bush cotinus coggygria Royal Purple.
Trim back shrubs, too, particularly cotinus, sambucus and buddleia, removing all dead wood.
New leaves, like those of the acer and the bronze-leaved Cotinus coggyria 'Grace', are almost transluscent and the eleagnus 'Quicksilver' is a mass of shimmering silver foliage.