Cottbus


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Cottbus

or

Kottbus

(both: kôt`bo͝os), city (1994 pop. 128,120), Brandenburg, E Germany, on the Spree River. It is an industrial center and rail junction, but one that is heavily polluted with sulfur dioxide. Manufactures include textiles, leather, machinery, and building materials. Cottbus developed as a market center in the late 12th cent. and passed to Brandenburg in the mid-15th cent. It was annexed, with the rest of LusatiaLusatia
, Ger. Lausitz, Pol. Łużyce, region of E Germany and SW Poland. It extends N from the Lusatian Mts., at the Czech border, and W from the Oder River.
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, by Saxony in 1635 and was taken by Prussia in 1815.

Cottbus

 

a district in the German Democratic Republic (GDR), near the Polish border, in the Middle European plain, in the basin of the Spree River. Area, 8,300 sq km. Population, 861,100 (1970), including Germans and Lusatians (Wends). The administrative center is the city of Cottbus.

Cottbus is an industrial and agricultural district of the GDR. In 1970, 51.6 percent of the economically active population was employed in industry and construction and 14.6 percent was engaged in agriculture and forestry. Cottbus is distinguished by its high rate of development in industry. The district produces more than two-fifths of the output of brown coal (by strip mining in the Lower Lusatian Basin) and half of the production of electric power in the GDR (powerful thermoelectric plants are located in Liibbenau, Vetschau, Schwarze Pumpe, Trattendorf, Lauta, and elsewhere). The chemical industry is well represented in Cottbus District: the Schwarze Pumpe Combine, which is the largest enterprise in the GDR for the processing of brown coal; a chemical coke combine in Lauchhammer; a large synthetic fiber plant in Wilhelm-Pieck-Stadt Guben; and a plant producing synthetic fuel in Schwarzheide. The ceramic and glass industries are also important (particularly in Weisswasser). The traditional textile and knitted-wear industry is significant in Wil-helm-Pieck-Stadt Guben, Forst, and Cottbus.

Crops grown in the district include grains (rye and wheat), potatoes, sugar beets, and fodder. Market gardening is wide-spread in Cottbus District. Dairy livestock and swine are raised. Fishing from ponds is an important industry.

S. N. RAKOVSKII


Cottbus

 

a city in the German Democratic Republic, on the Spree River. Administrative center of Cottbus District. Population, 82,900 (1970).

Cottbus is a river port and a transportation junction. The production of cloth, rugs, and other textile goods takes place in the city. The machine-building, woodworking, and food-processing industries are also represented. There is a textile engineering school in Cottbus.

References in periodicals archive ?
Major organization : BRANDENBURGISCHE TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITT COTTBUS SENFTENBERG
The Tannadice boss believes his side can take confidence from their display against Bundesliga Two outfit Energie Cottbus.
Meanwhile, German second division side Cottbus, who finished 14th last season, went ahead on 51 minutes, only for Abdul Aziz Fayez to equalise 14 minutes later.
Under the agreement, T-Systems will modernise the information and telecommunications network in Cottbus as well as the work stations of the municipality's administration.
The fans do not deserve to see what they are seeing on the pitch, particularly given the exemplary way in which they supported us against Cottbus.
Reports had suggested that the former Boro England boss would face the sack if his side were beaten by Cottbus, and their overwhelming failure on home soil will do the 49-year-old no favours.
Bayern, with Frenchman Franck Ribery on the bench, were the more aggressive side at Cottbus and striker Lukas Podolski had a powerful early shot brilliantly saved by keeper Gerhard Tremmel.
Cottbus are second from bottom of the Bundesliga table and are in danger of being relegated at the end of the season.
HERTHA BERLIN warmed up for their trip to Dublin with a shock 1-0 home defeat to Energie Cottbus.
Mez zo soprano An nike Kaschenz was born in Cottbus and studied piano and singing at the Conservatory of Cottbus.
BAYERN chairman Karl-Heinz Rummenigge is confident the title is now in the bag despite nearest challengers Werder Bremen keeping up the pressure with victory over Cottbus.