Cotton, John

Cotton, John,

1584–1652, Puritan clergyman in England and Massachusetts, b. Derbyshire, educated at Cambridge. Imbued with Puritan doctrines, he won many followers during his 20 years as vicar of the rich and influential parish of St. Botolph's Church, Boston, Lincolnshire. He was summoned to appear before the High Court of Commission (1632), but instead of appearing he resigned and fled. Some of his followers sailed (1633) with him to Massachusetts Bay, where the young city of Boston was so named primarily to honor him. He and John Winthrop were the leading figures of the colony, and Cotton was chiefly responsible for the exile of Anne HutchinsonHutchinson, Anne,
c.1591–1643, religious leader in New England, b. Anne Marbury in Lincolnshire, England. She emigrated (1634) with her husband and family to Massachusetts Bay, where her brilliant mind and her kindness won admiration and a following.
..... Click the link for more information.
, because of her antinomian doctrines, and for the expulsion of Roger WilliamsWilliams, Roger,
c.1603–1683, clergyman, advocate of religious freedom, founder of Rhode Island, b. London. A protégé of Sir Edward Coke, he graduated from Pembroke College, Cambridge, in 1627 and took Anglican orders.
..... Click the link for more information.
. He was one of the molders of the Congregational Church, and his arguments in such treatises as The Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven (1644), The Way of the Churches of Christ in New England (1645), and The Way of the Congregational Churches Cleared (1648) were influential in his day. He was a firm believer in the right of the Congregational minister to dictate to the faithful, and thus he has been viewed as a strong upholder of theocracy. His Milk for Babes (1646) was a well-known catechism for children. His daughter was the wife of Increase MatherMather, Increase,
1639–1723, American Puritan clergyman, b. Dorchester, Mass.; son of Richard Mather. After graduation (1656) from Harvard, he studied at Trinity College, Dublin (M.A., 1658), and preached in England and Guernsey until the Restoration.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and the mother of Cotton MatherMather, Cotton
, 1663–1728, American Puritan clergyman and writer, b. Boston, grad. Harvard (B.A., 1678; M.A., 1681); son of Increase Mather and grandson of Richard Mather and of John Cotton.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See biographies by L. Ziff (1962) and E. Emerson (1965).

Cotton, John

(1584–1652) Puritan clergyman, author; born in Derby, England. He arrived in Boston, Mass. (1633), and soon became the teacher of the Boston Church. He originally supported Anne Hutchinson, but he joined her persecutors when he discovered that he was alone in support of her. A tireless worker, he wrote Spiritual Milk for Babes (1646), a standard textbook for New England children, and numerous books and pamphlets including The Way of the Congregational Churches Cleared (1648). In later years he became hostile toward religious dissenters and favored the power of civil authorities over the individual.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Jack and the Beanstalk at Middlesbrough Theatre stars Eastender's 'Nasty' Nick Cotton, John Altman, as Fleshcreep 100914PANTO_39 IAN MCINTYRE
Callum Ancrum, Dan Cotton, John Short and Jack Dixon all notched for the Pineapple, Colin Galbraith and recent signing Rob McCluskey on the mark for the Norwood.
We love CHAT EVER wondered what happened to EastEnders' Nasty Nick Cotton, John Altman?
They would also like to thank work colleagues from the Empire, GMB, LJMU Byrom Street, Tithebarn Street, Henry Cotton, John Foster Building, Kingsway House, Rodney, Dean Walters, the ADA, also anyone who may have sent their good wishes and condolences during this time.
Learning the blues from legendary "Chessmates" James Cotton, John Lee Hooker and Junior Wells, Montgomery is a torchbearer in the traditional blues tradition, as well as one of the most dynamic performers in this genre.
Like Corrie's Sean Tully, played by Antony Cotton, John wanted to play a bigger part in his son's life but Dawn wanted to be left alone to raise her child.
He captures the essence of the drama in her ambiguous relationships with John Cotton, John Wheelwright, Sir Henry Vane, and their adversary Thomas Shepard, who saw all deviation from orthodoxy as subversion.
Over the years, the festival built credibility and was able to attract the likes of Clarence ``Gatemouth'' Brown, Little Milton, Johnny Otis Show, Taj Mahal, Willie Dixon, Albert King, Koko Taylor, James Cotton, John Lee Hooker, Buddy Guy, Etta James, B.
Hosea Williams, Dexter Scott King, Yolanda King, Harry Belafonte, Dorothy Cotton, John Seigenthaler, Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, Peter Edelman, Coretta Scott King, Fred Dutton, Rev.
Knight's argument relies heavily on close readings of the works of three leaders of each group: John Cotton, John Davenport, and John Norton among the New England Sibbesians; Thomas Hooker, Peter Bulkeley, and Thomas Shepard among the Amesians.
Dan Cotton, John Short and Jamie Joyce scored for The Pineapple, Darren Smith notching for Nursery House.
Check out this list of names: Gary Lineker, James Corden, Claudia Winkleman, Dermot O'Leary, Davina McCall, Fearne Cotton, John Bishop, Miranda Hart, David Walliams and Patrick Kielty.