Council of Ministers


Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Council of Ministers: European Council

Council of Ministers

 

in prerevolutionary Russia, the highest organ of government. The Council of Ministers was founded on Nov. 12,1861, to discuss state matters and materials and annual reports on the work of the ministries and other government offices. It reviewed the draft projects of most of the bourgeois reforms and those of many important measures for combating the revolutionary movement. Its chairman was the tsar, who could submit any and all questions for the council’s consideration. Its members included the ministers, officials with ministerial powers, the chairmen of the Council of State and Committee of Ministers, and other high officials personally appointed by the tsar.

The Council of Ministers met irregularly—for example, it did not meet once between the end of 1882 and January 1905. In June and July 1905 it discussed the draft plan for the creation of a new legislative institution, the Bulygin Duma.

The law of Oct. 19,1905, reorganized the Council of Ministers. In addition to coordinating the work of the ministers and other high officials on questions of legislation and high state administration, the Council of Ministers was given responsibility for preliminary review of all draft legislation before submission to the State Duma and Council of State, for the discussion of proposals on the general structure of the ministries and on high-level personnel changes, and for confirmation of the charters of joint-stock companies. Its chairman was appointed by the tsar. The Council of Ministers thenceforth met regularly, two or three times a week.

After the Committee of Ministers was abolished on Apr. 24, 1906, most of its duties were transferred to the Council of Ministers. The council’s competence was broadened: when the Council of State and State Duma were not in session, the Council of Ministers could discuss draft laws and submit them to the emperor for confirmation as “Imperial decrees,” which thus took force without review by the highest bodies of the state, a procedure contrary to the law. Between the First and Second Dumas alone (July 1906-February 1907), the council considered 59 extraordinary “ukases,” including those establishing the counterrevolutionary field courts-martial. In September 1909, for lesser matters, the Little Council of Ministers, composed of assistant ministers, was established.

The Council of Ministers of tsarist Russia reflected a particular stage in the autocracy’s evolution toward bourgeois monarchy but differed from the cabinets of Western Europe, which were responsible to a parliament. The chairman of the Council of Ministers and the ministers themselves were responsible only to the tsar, not to the State Duma. On Mar. 8 (21), 1917, after the February Bourgeois-Democratic Revolution of 1917, the Provisional Government officially proclaimed itself the successor to the Council of Ministers.

S. Iu. Witte was chairman of the Council of Ministers from Oct. 19, 1905, to Apr. 22, 1906,1. L. Goremykin from Apr. 22, 1906, to July 8,1906, P. A. Stolypin from July 8,1906, to Sept. 1, 1911, V. N. Kokovstov from Sept. 11, 1911, to Jan. 30, 1914, I. L. Goremykin from Jan. 30,1914, to Jan. 20,1916, B. V. Shti-urmer from Jan. 20, 1916, to Nov. 10, 1916, A. F. Trepov from Nov. 10, 1916, to Dec. 27, 1916, and N. D. Golitsyn from Dec. 27,1916, to Feb. 27,1917.

REFERENCES

Zakonodatel’nye akty perekhodnogo vremeni. . . , 3rd ed. St. Petersburg, 1909. (Covers the period 1904–08).
Witte, S. Iu. Vospominaniia, vols. 2–3. Moscow, 1960.
Eroshkin, N. P. Istoriia gosudarstvennykh uchrezhdenii dorevoliu-tsionnoi Rossii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1968.
Tsentral’nyi gosudarstvennyi istoricheskii arkhiv SSSR v Leningrade:Putevoditel’. Leningrad, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
He added that, due to the importance of this issue, the Council of Ministers has formed a ministerial committee to assess this matter and study all its dimensions.
The Hon'ble President has accepted the resignation of Arvind Kejriwal, Chief Minister of the GNCT of Delhi and his Council of Ministers and also approved the imposition of President's Rule while keeping the legislative assembly in suspended animation," he said in the statement.
When the Council of Ministers does not receive the asked confidence, the Prime Minister submits the resignation of the government.
Saudi Council of Ministers also expressed appreciation to the countries and civil organizations that participated in the donors' meeting (Consultative Group to support Yemen), hosted by Saudi Arabia last week, in which USD 6.
We have highlighted, at the Council of Ministers, the efforts that have been made over the last four years but also the challenges that await us in the future," he said.
Chaired by the Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz AL Saud, the Saudi Council of Ministers dealt in it weekly meeting held on Monday with the extraordinary meeting of GCC Foreign Ministers held recently in Abu Dhabi, UAE, with the Yemeni government's delegation, Khoja said.
First: The president of the republic shall charge the nominee of the largest Council of Representatives bloc with the formation of the Council of Ministers within 15 days from the date of the election of the president of the republic.
An EU Council of Ministers communique said the agreement would "establish conditions for the progressive liberalisation of trade in goods, services and capital"
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Iran's Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki left for Kuala Lumpur for the Eight Developing Islamic Countries (D8) Council of Ministers meeting.
The Executive Office of the Council of Ministers of Housing and Construction seeks to present the technical recommendations of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Council of Ministers to urge the Arab countries to exchange experiences and knowledge and activate cooperation such as the liberalization of inter-Arab trade.
Composite soil samples exceeded the Canadian federal soil guideline (Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment) of 12 mg/kg at 32 CCA-treated wood play structures.
Because European Union (EU) parliamentary votes don't carry the weight of law, the ban won't go into effect unless a Council of Ministers representing the EU member states also agrees to it.

Full browser ?