Count Gyula Andrássy
Andrássy, Count Gyula
Born Mar. 3, 1823, in Kassa, now Koŝice, Czechoslovakia; died Feb. 18, 1890, in Volosca, now Opatija, Yugoslavia. Hungarian political figure. Participant in the revolution of 1848–49; diplomatic representative of the Hungarian revolutionary government in Constantinople.
After the defeat of the revolution, Andrássy emigrated to France. He was sentenced to death in absentia and symbolically executed (1851). He returned to Hungary under the amnesty of 1857 and swore allegiance to Franz Josef. He was elected to the Hungarian state assembly in 1861. He joined Deák’s party and worked for an agreement with the Hapsburgs. Andrássy served as prime minister of Hungary from 1867 to 1871, and as minister of foreign affairs of Austria-Hungary from 1871 to 1879. He achieved a close rapprochement with Germany, with whose support he obtained an agreement for the occupation of Bosnia and Her-cegovina by Austro-Hungarian troops (1878). He aided in the conclusion of the Austro-German Treaty of 1879.
REFERENCESWertheimer, E. Graf Julius Andrássy, sein Leben und seine Zeit, vols. 1–3. Stuttgart, 1910–13.
R. A. AVERBUKH