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in civil procedure, an independent actionable claim of the defendant against the plaintiff, filed with the court or the arbitration tribunal in a pending suit to be considered simultaneously with the original action. A counterclaim is a means of defense of the defendant against the action directed against him. In Soviet law it is admitted to the proceedings if it is aimed at offsetting the original action, if satisfaction of the counterclaim would fully or partially exclude satisfaction of the original action, or if there is an interrelationship between the counterclaim and the original action, and their simultaneous consideration would result in a more prompt and just hearing of the disputes. A counterclaim, regardless of the jurisdiction to which it is subject and in accordance with the general rules of bringing an action, is instituted in the court considering the original claim.

According to the legislation of the RSFSR and several other union republics, the defendant has the right to bring a counterclaim against the plaintiff before the court renders a decision on the original action. According to the legislation of the Ukrainian SSR, the defendant may bring a counterclaim no later than three days before the court session set for consideration of the original action. Acceptance of a counter-claim filed after the expiration of this term depends on the discretion of the judge. If a counterclaim was brought during consideration of the case on its merits, its acceptance depends on the court’s discretion.

In arbitration proceedings the defendant may bring a counterclaim before the beginning of consideration of the case on its merits. In arbitration procedure a counterclaim may be consolidated with the original action if the defendant observed the prescribed order of settling his claims against the plaintiff before turning to the arbitration tribunal and if there is a direct relationship between the counterclaim and the original action. Consolidation of the counterclaim with the original action contributes to a more complete and just consideration of the mutual rights and obligations of plaintiff and defendant in the examination and deciding of civil disputes.


References in periodicals archive ?
Under this framework, a defendant was permitted to amend its answer, adding counterclaims only if the new counterclaims directly related to the changes made in the amended complaint.
Because Buckingham's counterclaim "does not fall within the narrow doctrine of equitable recoupment, this court lacks the subject-matter jurisdiction over the counterclaim and it should be dismissed," DoJ concluded.
26) A month later, Mansheim served his answer and a counterclaim alleging contributory negligence.
the First Circuit addressed whether jurisdiction was proper where a permissive counterclaim was related, not to the plaintiff's claim, but to a compulsory counterclaim asserted by the defendant.
AT&T attempted to remove the case to federal court, but the 4th Circuit affirmed 2-to-1 the district court's decision that counterclaim class action defendants can't remove cases--even if, like AT&T, they weren't originally a direct party in the case.
Earth Elements filed an answer and a counterclaim against the competitor.
Removing the patent counterclaims could also reduce the complexity of the case, according to Lindon, Utah-based SCO's motion and supporting memorandum, reducing the chances of a jury being swayed by any potential strong showing by IBM with regard to its patents.
Because of the failure to perform, "Kate Spade LLC lost at least six months of valuable time -- and consequently, an entire retail delivery season -- in launching its home collection," the counterclaim states.
Another option available to the owner is to file a counterclaim against the lienor for willful exaggeration of the lien.
Seagate filed this action as a counterclaim to an existing infringement suit in which Storage Computer alleges infringement against Seagate and XIOtech Corporation, a member of the Seagate family of companies.
merely allowing for assertion of any counterclaim that is "within