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work carried on by special state organs to combat the intelligence services of other states.
In the capitalist states the counterintelligence system is composed of numerous central and peripheral organs, often dispersed over several government departments. It carries out counterintelligence against the intelligence services of all (including friendly) foreign states and actively works toward disrupting the activity of Communist and workers' parties and other progressive organizations. A major element in the work of the counterintelligence service of the capitalist countries is to prepare and carry out subversive actions against Soviet institutions, organizations, and citizens (and those of other socialist states) located in the capitalist countries. Covering all spheres of public life with a complex system of surveillance, the bourgeois counterintelligence service kindles among the popular masses a spy mania with respect to the socialist states and widely uses blackmail, bribery, provocations, and other such means.
In the socialist states the counterintelligence service fights against espionage, sabotage, terror, ideological subversive activities, and other activities of the intelligence and other special services of the capitalist states and the organizations and persons used by them; it enjoys the confidence and support of the working people.
REFERENCESKaratel’nye organy sovremennogo imperialisticheskogo gosudarstva. Moscow, 1968.
Mader, J. Tainoe stanovitsia iavnym. Moscow, 1970. (Translated from German.)
Russel, C. Razvedka i kontrrazvedka, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1943. (Translated from English.)
F. A. SHCHERBAK