country code

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Related to Country-code: ISO country code

country code

(networking, standard)
Originally, a two-letter abbreviation for a particular country (or geographical region), generally used as a top-level domain.

Originally country codes were just for countries; but country codes have been allocated for many areas (mostly islands) that aren't countries, such as Antarctica (aq), Christmas Island (cx) and Saint Pierre et Miquelon (pm).

Country codes are defined in ISO 3166 and are used as the top level domain for Internet hostnames in most countries but hardly ever in the USA (code "us"). ISO 3166 defines short and full english and french names, two- and three-letter codes and a three-digit code for each country.

There are also language codes.

Latest list.

country code

An Internet top-level domain assigned to a country. A country code is a two-letter suffix such as .us (United States), .ca (Canada) and .de (Germany). For a list of codes, see country codes A-E, country codes F-M and country codes N-Z. For a list of all top-level domains, see Internet domain name. The Pacific island nation of Tuvalu found a unique way to profit from its country code (see .tv).

Computers read Internet addresses from right to left. Thus, on encountering sven@univ.oslo.net.se, the message would first be sent to Sweden, since .se is the country code for Sweden. Swedish routers would then send the message to univ.oslo.net where it will be waiting for Sven the next time he signs on.

Country Codes in Search Engines
Google and Yahoo have language selection boxes for narrowing searches to particular countries; however, other search engines let you specify the country code. For example, to find websites in France about wine using the AltaVista search engine (www.altavista.com), one could type +wine +domain:fr. To do the same in Go (www.go.com), one would type +wine +site:fr.
References in periodicals archive ?
The country-code TLD with the highest number of registered domains is Tokelau, a group of atolls in the southern Pacific Ocean midway between Samoa and Hawaii.
CHICAGO -- Hostway Corporation, the leading global provider of Web hosting and online services, is pleased to announce the addition of 22 new country-code Top-Level-Domains (ccTLDs), bringing it's full offering of TLDs to 92.
NetNames Domain Management Services now offer 100% coverage of all active country-code domain names, so whether someone registers your brand as a domain name in Albania or Zimbabwe, you'll know about it, and be able to decide on the most appropriate course of action," said Rodger Armstrong, Director of Sales and Marketing at NetNames, part of NetBenefit plc.
In aggregate, the company's member registrars have registered more than 20 million domain names and collectively offer a wide range of related Internet services, including country-code domain name registrations, country-code registry operations, Web hosting, and ISP services.
In aggregate, the company's member registrars have registered more than 10 million domain names and collectively offer a wide range of related Internet services, including country-code domain name registrations, country-code registry operations, Web hosting, and ISP services.
In aggregate, the company's member registrars registered more than 10 million domain names and collectively offer a wide range of related Internet services, including country-code domain name registrations, country-code registry operations, Web hosting, and ISP services.
eNIC Corporation, the second-largest registry in the United States, will announce Friday at ICANN a new service engineered specifically for administrators of country-code Top Level Domains.
org top level domains, the member registrars collectively offer a wide range of related Internet services, including country-code domain name registrations, country-code registry operations, Web hosting, and ISP services.
The Basic Fusion system is designed to address the needs of the many Country-Code Registry Operators who have grown overwhelmed by the demand that the rapid growth of the domain name marketplace created.
Because of the tremendous growth in demand, country-code managers will need to adopt improved technology solutions that will allow their registries to participate in the exciting overall growth of the domain name industry," Elliott added.
In addition to this, ICANN is reportedly planning to levy a "tax" on the nations of the world for the privilege of having a country-code top-level domain.
NetNames, the world's leading country-code registrar, today announced that it is testing multilingual domain name registration in Chinese, Japanese and Korean.