Durham

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Durham,

officially

County Durham,

county (1991 pop. 589,941), 1,015 sq mi (2,629 sq km), NE England, on the North Sea between the Tees and Tyne rivers; administratively, Durham is a unitary authority (since 2009). The administrative center is DurhamDurham,
town (1991 pop. 38,105), county seat of Durham, NE England, on the sides of a hill nearly encircled by the Wear River. The town's small factories produce organs and carpets. Noteworthy is the castle (1072), now occupied by part of the Univ. of Durham (founded 1832).
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, site of one of England's finest Norman cathedrals. The region is low-lying along the coast, rising inland to the PenninesPennines
or Pennine Chain,
mountain range, sometimes called the "backbone of England," extending c.160 mi (260 km) from the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border to the Peak District in Derbyshire.
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. A large portion of the land area is devoted to agriculture. Dairy farming is common; cattle and sheep are raised. Oats, wheat, barley, potatoes, and turnips are grown. Industry is concentrated along the Tyne and the Tees. Shipbuilding (also along the Wear River) and coal mining were historically important. Electrical goods, clothing, textiles, paint, organs, and plastics are the chief products of Durham's light industry. The area was occupied by the Romans and subsequently became part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of NorthumbriaNorthumbria, kingdom of
, one of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in England. It was originally composed of two independent kingdoms divided by the Tees River, Bernicia (including modern E Scotland, Berwick, Roxburgh, E Northumberland, and Durham) and Deira (including the North and East
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. From pre-Norman times until 1836, the bishops of Durham intermittently exercised palatine powers over the county. The powers were most important during the Middle Ages.

Durham,

town (1991 pop. 38,105), county seat of Durham, NE England, on the sides of a hill nearly encircled by the Wear River. The town's small factories produce organs and carpets. Noteworthy is the castle (1072), now occupied by part of the Univ. of Durham (founded 1832). In 995 the relics of St. Cuthbert were brought to Durham (then Dunholme), and a church was built as his shrine. The present cathedral, begun on the same site in 1093, is considered the finest example of Norman architecture in the country. It contains the tomb of the Venerable Bede (d. 735).

Durham

(dûr`ăm), city (1990 pop. 136,611), seat of Durham co., N central N.C., in the Piedmont area; inc. 1867. Once a major tobacco and textile center, Durham is a research and education center. Manufacturers include medical, computer, electronic, and telecommunications equipment; plastic, paper, and lumber products; and aircraft components. The area was settled c.1750. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrendered nearby to Gen. William T. Sherman during the Civil War. After the war the tobacco industry began with James B. DukeDuke, James Buchanan,
1856–1925, American industrialist, processor of tobacco products, b. near Durham, N.C. The Civil War left the Duke family poor, but James and his brother, Benjamin, helped their father in building up a local tobacco-processing business, which soon
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 as the leading manufacturer. Economic growth was spurred with the establishment (1959) of the Research Triangle ParkResearch Triangle Park,
research, business, medical, and educational complex situated in central North Carolina. It has an area of 6,900 acres (2,795 hectares) and is 8 × 2 mi (13 × 3 km) in size. Named for the triangle formed by Duke Univ. in Durham, the Univ.
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, in the triangular area between Durham, Chapel Hill, and Raleigh, which utilizes the concentration of university research talent in those three cities. Durham is the seat of Duke Univ., North Carolina Central Univ., and Durham Technical Community College. Of interest are the Sarah P. Duke Memorial Gardens and the Children's Nature Museum. The American Dance Festival is held in the city each summer.

Durham

 

a city in the southern USA in North Carolina. Population, 177,000 (1966), of which 30 percent is black. It is a center of tobacco processing (production of cigarettes) and of the hosiery industry. It is the home of Duke University.

Durham

1. a county of NE England, on the North Sea: rises to the N Pennines in the west: the geographical and ceremonial county includes the unitary authorities of Hartlepool and Stockton-on-Tees (both part of Cleveland until 1996) and Darlington (created in 1997). Administrative centre: Durham. Pop. (excluding unitary authorities): 494 200 (2003 est.). Area (excluding unitary authorities): 2434 sq. km (940 sq. miles)
2. a city in NE England, administrative centre of Co. Durham, on the River Wear: Norman cathedral; 11th-century castle (founded by William the Conqueror), now occupied by the University of Durham (1832). Pop.: 42 939 (2001)
3. a rare variety of shorthorn cattle
References in periodicals archive ?
Both County Durham and North Yorkshire still feature in the national top 10.
Phil Eadon, marketing director for County Durham Development Company, said, "I am absolutely delighted to have been able to work with TRW on determining that Peterlee is the best location for their European air bag investment project.
The HCA's Karen Anderson with County Durham Housing Group's Ged Walsh.
Margaret Vaughan, chief operating officer at County Durham Community Foundation
The brilliant team at County Durham Development Company and Durham County Council, will now garner a deserved reputation for the right strategy and the ability to deliver it.
I m delighted we are able to recognise County Durham s day and fly this new flag in the heart of the capital.
A 17-year-old male, from Seaham, County Durham, has been charged with conspiracy to commit robberies.
As the newly appointed chairman of County Durham Community Foundation (CDCF), he sees the opportunity to not just make an immediate impact but to influence longer-term aspirations.
Events like these help to keep County Durham firmly on the cultural map and allow us to compete with well-established destinations.
Chairman of Durham Police Authority Peter Thompson said: "The Police Authority consults extensively with the people of County Durham and Darlington to ensure that they are at the heart of local policing.
The fire broke out at the North East Industrial Estate in Peterlee, County Durham, before noon yesterday and was so big that crews first sent to the scene had to call for back-up.
AN army of volunteers joined forces across County Durham as part of World Environment Day.

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