Durham

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Durham,

town (1991 pop. 38,105), county seat of Durham, NE England, on the sides of a hill nearly encircled by the Wear River. The town's small factories produce organs and carpets. Noteworthy is the castle (1072), now occupied by part of the Univ. of Durham (founded 1832). In 995 the relics of St. Cuthbert were brought to Durham (then Dunholme), and a church was built as his shrine. The present cathedral, begun on the same site in 1093, is considered the finest example of Norman architecture in the country. It contains the tomb of the Venerable Bede (d. 735).

Durham

(dûr`ăm), city (1990 pop. 136,611), seat of Durham co., N central N.C., in the Piedmont area; inc. 1867. Once a major tobacco and textile center, Durham is a research and education center. Manufacturers include medical, computer, electronic, and telecommunications equipment; plastic, paper, and lumber products; and aircraft components. The area was settled c.1750. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrendered nearby to Gen. William T. Sherman during the Civil War. After the war the tobacco industry began with James B. DukeDuke, James Buchanan,
1856–1925, American industrialist, processor of tobacco products, b. near Durham, N.C. The Civil War left the Duke family poor, but James and his brother, Benjamin, helped their father in building up a local tobacco-processing business, which soon
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 as the leading manufacturer. Economic growth was spurred with the establishment (1959) of the Research Triangle ParkResearch Triangle Park,
research, business, medical, and educational complex situated in central North Carolina. It has an area of 6,900 acres (2,795 hectares) and is 8 × 2 mi (13 × 3 km) in size. Named for the triangle formed by Duke Univ. in Durham, the Univ.
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, in the triangular area between Durham, Chapel Hill, and Raleigh, which utilizes the concentration of university research talent in those three cities. Durham is the seat of Duke Univ., North Carolina Central Univ., and Durham Technical Community College. Of interest are the Sarah P. Duke Memorial Gardens and the Children's Nature Museum. The American Dance Festival is held in the city each summer.

Durham,

officially

County Durham,

county (1991 pop. 589,941), 1,015 sq mi (2,629 sq km), NE England, on the North Sea between the Tees and Tyne rivers; administratively, Durham is a unitary authority (since 2009). The administrative center is DurhamDurham,
town (1991 pop. 38,105), county seat of Durham, NE England, on the sides of a hill nearly encircled by the Wear River. The town's small factories produce organs and carpets. Noteworthy is the castle (1072), now occupied by part of the Univ. of Durham (founded 1832).
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, site of one of England's finest Norman cathedrals. The region is low-lying along the coast, rising inland to the PenninesPennines
or Pennine Chain,
mountain range, sometimes called the "backbone of England," extending c.160 mi (260 km) from the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border to the Peak District in Derbyshire.
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. A large portion of the land area is devoted to agriculture. Dairy farming is common; cattle and sheep are raised. Oats, wheat, barley, potatoes, and turnips are grown. Industry is concentrated along the Tyne and the Tees. Shipbuilding (also along the Wear River) and coal mining were historically important. Electrical goods, clothing, textiles, paint, organs, and plastics are the chief products of Durham's light industry. The area was occupied by the Romans and subsequently became part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of NorthumbriaNorthumbria, kingdom of
, one of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in England. It was originally composed of two independent kingdoms divided by the Tees River, Bernicia (including modern E Scotland, Berwick, Roxburgh, E Northumberland, and Durham) and Deira (including the North and East
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. From pre-Norman times until 1836, the bishops of Durham intermittently exercised palatine powers over the county. The powers were most important during the Middle Ages.

Durham

 

a city in the southern USA in North Carolina. Population, 177,000 (1966), of which 30 percent is black. It is a center of tobacco processing (production of cigarettes) and of the hosiery industry. It is the home of Duke University.

Durham

1. a county of NE England, on the North Sea: rises to the N Pennines in the west: the geographical and ceremonial county includes the unitary authorities of Hartlepool and Stockton-on-Tees (both part of Cleveland until 1996) and Darlington (created in 1997). Administrative centre: Durham. Pop. (excluding unitary authorities): 494 200 (2003 est.). Area (excluding unitary authorities): 2434 sq. km (940 sq. miles)
2. a city in NE England, administrative centre of Co. Durham, on the River Wear: Norman cathedral; 11th-century castle (founded by William the Conqueror), now occupied by the University of Durham (1832). Pop.: 42 939 (2001)
3. a rare variety of shorthorn cattle
References in periodicals archive ?
Durham County Council is a member of the County Durham Tobacco Control Alliance and commissions the County Durham NHS Stop Smoking Service, which has already helped thousands of people to stop smoking.
North Yorkshire saw a reduction of 77 - from 3,389 in 2013 to 3,312 in 2014 - and County Durham a reduction of 121 - from 3,626 in 2013 to 3,505 in 2014.
Total quantity or scope: County Durham and Darlington NHS Foundation Trust are looking to contract for the provision of a taxi service to cover the County Durham and Darlington area.
Claire Furmedge, 38, from Chester-le-Street, and Elizabeth Collings, 68, from Seaham, County Durham, died after it crashed to the ground.
26 million from the Department of Trade and Industry, and support and advice from County Durham Development Company, Durham County Council, East Durham Development Agency, the Easington District Council, County Durham Tec, and the Northern Development Company.
Events like these help to keep County Durham firmly on the cultural map and allow us to compete with well-established destinations.
Investigations by Citizens Ad-vice County Durham published in a new national report - Dispatches from the Front Lines of the Housing Crisis - uncovered people spiralling into debt as they struggle to retain and maintain their homes due to a combination of health issues, unemployment, zero-hours contracts, stagnating house prices, and costly repairs.
County Durham day is being celebrated on 20 March and helps mark the ceremonial county s proud heritage of farming, mining and being at the heart of the railway industry.
By opting to base this important project in County Durham, the right choice has been made, recognising the North-east''s attributes, especially its skilled and dedicated workforce.
We need to apply political pressure and we stand firmly behind the County Durham Plan.
The County Durham Environment Partnership organised litter picks in Consett and Durham to mark the event on June 5.
FIVE people have now been charged in connection with a spate of armed robberies in Teesside and County Durham.

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