Derbyshire

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Derbyshire

(där`bēshər, –shĭr) county (1991 pop. 915,000), 1,016 sq mi (2,632 sq km), central England. The county seat is Matlock; DerbyDerby
, city and unitary authority (1991 pop. 218,026), central England, on the Derwent River. It was formerly county seat of Derbyshire but became administratively independent of the county in 1997.
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, the former county seat, is now administratively independent of the county. The county is divided into eight administrative districts: High Peak, Derbyshire Dales, North East Derbyshire, Chesterfield, Bolsover, Amber Valley, Erewash, and South Derbyshire. The terrain of the county is flat in the south, rising in the north to more than 2,000 ft (610 m) in the Peak district. The region is drained by the Trent River, with the Dove, the Derwent, and the Wye flowing into it.

Much of the county is used for agriculture. Dairy farming and sheep and cattle raising are important occupations. There is also wheat and oat cultivation, as well as market gardening. In the eastern part of the county are coal deposits. Textiles, steel, porcelain, and paper are produced. Tourism is also important. Paleolithic cave art dating to c.10,800 B.C. is found at Creswell Crags in E Derbyshire. In the Anglo-Saxon period Derbyshire was part of the kingdom of MerciaMercia
, one of the kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England, consisting generally of the region of the Midlands. It was settled by Angles c.500, probably first along the Trent valley.
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. There are pre-Roman, Roman, and Norman remains. The great house of the dukes of Devonshire is at ChatsworthChatsworth,
estate, Derbyshire, central England, near Chesterfield. It is the seat of the dukes of Devonshire. Begun in 1552, the present Classical-style Chatsworth House was rebuilt in 1686. It has notable gardens, libraries, picture galleries, and collections of sculpture.
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Derbyshire

 

a county in Great Britain. Area, 2,540 sq km; population, 884,300 (1971). The town of Derby is the administrative center.

Derbyshire

a county of N central England: contains the Peak District and several resorts with mineral springs: the geographical and ceremonial county includes the city of Derby, which became an independent unitary authority in 1997. Administrative centre: Matlock. Pop. (excluding Derby city): 743 000 (2003 est.). Area (excluding Derby city): 2551 sq. km (985 sq. miles)