Nottinghamshire

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Nottinghamshire

(nŏt`ĭng-əmshĭr), county (1991 pop. 980,600), 843 sq mi (2,183 sq km), central England. The county seat is at West Bridgford, in Rushcliffe. The county is divided into the administrative districts of Ashfield, Bassetlaw, Broxtowe, Gedling, Mansfield, Newark and Sherwood, and Rushcliffe. The land, partially reclaimed fenland, is low-lying and fertile. A southern area of moors devoted to pasturage is known as the Wolds. The principal river is the Trent. Sherwood ForestSherwood Forest,
formerly a large royal forest, mainly in Nottinghamshire, central England. Remnants of the forest exist near Mansfield and Hucknall; efforts began in the 1990s to replant and expand it. It is famous as the haunt of Robin Hood and his band.
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, with its legends of Robin HoodRobin Hood,
legendary hero of 12th-century England who robbed the rich to help the poor. Chivalrous, manly, fair, and always ready for a joke, Robin Hood reflected many of the ideals of the English yeoman.
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, includes the Dukeries, a district noted for its fine estates.

Cereal crops and sugar beets are grown. Dairying is extensive, and sheep are also raised. The Nottinghamshire coal fields extend along the western border and formerly made the county a coal mining center, especially at NottinghamNottingham,
city and unitary authority (1991 pop. 273,300), central England, on the Trent River. A center of rail and road transportation, the city's most important industries are the manufacture of lace, hosiery, cotton, and silk.
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 (now independent of the county), MansfieldMansfield,
city (71,325) and district, Nottinghamshire, central England, on the western border of Sherwood Forest. The city lies in a coal district, with manufactures of hosiery, shoes, and metal products. Limestone and red and white sandstone are quarried nearby.
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, and WorksopWorksop
, town (1991 pop. 34,551), Nottinghamshire, central England. Worksop contains a portion of Sherwood Forest. It is a coal-mining center with many industries, including foundries, chemical works, glassworks, and breweries. There are remains of an Augustinian priory founded in 1103.
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. There are small oil fields at Egmanton and Bothamsell. The mineral wealth also includes limestone, sandstone, and gravel. Hosiery, clothing, bicycles, lace, and other products are manufactured.

The county was a part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of MerciaMercia
, one of the kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England, consisting generally of the region of the Midlands. It was settled by Angles c.500, probably first along the Trent valley.
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. It was there that Charles I unfurled his banner (1642) and marked the beginning of the civil war. Scrooby, the home of William BrewsterBrewster, William,
1567–1644, English separatist and Plymouth colonist. After studying briefly at Cambridge he became the chief member of the congregation at Scrooby that broke away, or separated, from the Anglican Church in 1606; the members, after their migration to
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, was the cradle of the Pilgrims. In 1974, Nottinghamshire was reorganized as a nonmetropolitan county; a small area in the northwest was assigned to the new metropolitan county of South Yorkshire (dissolved in 1986). Nottingham, the traditional county seat, was separated administratively from the county in 1998.

Nottinghamshire

 

a county in Great Britain, situated in central England, in the Trent River basin. Area, 2,200 sq km. Population, 974,600 (1971). Until 1974, the city of Nottingham was the county town. Nottinghamshire is part of the East Midlands economic region. The county’s principal industries include coal mining, the manufacture of knitted goods, and machine building (chiefly textile machines). In agriculture, cultivation of field crops predominates.

Nottinghamshire

an inland county of central England: generally low-lying, with part of the S Pennines and the remnant of Sherwood Forest in the east. Nottingham became an independent unitary authority in 1998. Administrative centre: Nottingham. Pop. (excluding Nottingham): 755 400 (2003 est.). Area (excluding Nottingham): 2086 sq. km (805 sq. miles)