Coeur d'Alene

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Related to Cour d'alene: Coeur D'alene Lake

Coeur d'Alene

(kûrdəlān`), indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Salishan branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They occupied N Idaho and E Washington and were also called the Skitswish. Long known as a peaceful group, the Coeur d'Alene were placed on reservations after an encounter with U.S. forces, sometimes called the Coeur d'Alene War, in 1858. Many are now on the Coeur d'Alene reservation in Idaho, and some live on the Colvile reservation in Washington. In 1990 there were 1,048 Coeur d'Alene in the United States.

Coeur d'Alene

(kûrdəlān`), city (1990 pop. 24,563), seat of Kootenai co., N Idaho, near the Wash. line; inc. 1907. It is a tourist and lumbering center situated on Coeur d'Alene Lake W of the Coeur d'Alene Mts.—the gateway to a summer and winter resort area. The city has lumber mills and meat-processing plants. Fort Coeur d'Alene (later Fort Sherman) was established in 1876. The city (named after the Native American tribe) grew around the fort with the discovery (1883) of rich silver, lead, and zinc lodes and the subsequent mining boom. For the tumultuous early history of the city, see Western Federation of MinersWestern Federation of Miners
(WFM), a radical labor union that organized the miners and smelter workers of the Rocky Mountain states. Created in 1893 by the merger of several local miners' unions, the WFM had a reputation for violent strikes and militant action from its
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. The city is the headquarters of Coeur d'Alene National Forest.
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and Cour d'Alene, Idaho, and three restaurants in Utah.